ARZAMAS: A Russian literary circle active between 1815-1818; it consisted of poets such as Zhukovski, Batyushkov, Vyazemski, Pushkin, and others. The group focused on writing and sharing parodies of their literary opponents, most of whom favored a heavily Slavonicized style (Harkins 9).
They told Macbeth and his trustworthy friend, Banquo, that he would be Thane of Glamis, which he already is, Thane of Cawdor, and the king of Scotland.
One of them is Banquo, a fearless captain, like Macbeth, who helped rout the "Norweyan banners." Clark and Wright in their Introduction to The Complete Works of William Shakespeare comment that Banquo is a force of good in the play, set in opposition to Macbeth: Banquo, the loyal soldier, praying for restraint against evil thoughts which enter his mind as they had entered Macbeth's, but which work no evil there, is set over against Macbeth, as virtue is set over against disloyalty. (792) In Fools of Time: Studies in Shakespearean Tragedy, Northrop Frye explains...
Siddons) that in the banquet scene the ghost of Banquo, which appears to Macbeth, is seen at the same time by his wife, but that, in consequence of her greater command over herself, she not only exhibits no sign of perceiving the apparit...
(1) It was written in 1605 or 1606, right after James I, the first Stuart king, took up the crown of England in 1603. James I was the son of (cousin to Elizabeth I) and this less-than-direct connection meant that James was eager to assert any legitimacy he could over his right to the English throne.
Coincidentally, Macbeth is the only of Shakespeare's plays set in Scotland, and it includes a nice little moment where he ties James I's ancestry to the rightful succession.
Blanche Coles states in Shakespeare's Four Giants that Banquo is "a man to be feared" by Macbeth: Besides Lady Macbeth, the one who knows how much Macbeth is acting is Banquo.
Coincidentally, Macbeth shows the murder of a king and alludes in Act II, scene iii, to the Catholic priest who encouraged Catholics to be deceptive and treasonous. These allusions would have with the play's audience—a lot like referring to the attacks of September 11th.
In case you haven't picked up on it, we don't actually think these are coincidences. Shakespeare was consciously writing a play that would be topical, touching on the subjects that everyone—from the to the king himself—would be thinking about.
ACMEISM: A 1912 Russian poetry movement reacting against the Symbolist movement (Harkins 1). Acmeists protested against the mystical tendencies of the Symbolists; they opposed ambiguity in poetry, calling for a return to precise, concrete imagery. Prominent members of the movement include Nikolay Gumilyov and Sergey Gorodetski.
Wilson says that the ghost of murdered Banquo has the greatest emotional impact on Macbeth of any adverse experience: He is confident enough, even after the commission of the crime, to put his faith in the Senecan maxim, per scelera semper sceleribus tutum est iter, "Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill." After he has been shaken by the appearance of the ghost of Banquo, he...
By learning, practicing, altering, andperfectingthem, and by testing their effects and nuances for yourself, thesedeviceswill help you to express yourself better and also teach you to see theinterrelatedness of form and meaning, and the psychology of syntax,metaphor,and diction both in your own writing and in the works of others.
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As Macbeth’s confidence slowly grows and the witches proclaim positive futures for him he begins to separate himself from his wife, planning Banquo’s assassination without telling her, and no longer being susceptible to her insults....
(Act III, Scene II, 55-57).
Macbeth & "The Kite Runner"
Imagery of blood constantly haunts their minds
- Reflects the changes in Lady Macbeth and Macbeth's character
Representation of Macbeth & Lady Macbeth's guilty conscience
Macbeth & Frankenstein
Macbeth & Society
Macbeth & Bowling for Columbine
Out, damned spot!