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The key of the cycle is called .


Plants and other organisms that contain
chlorophyll
Heterotrophs
Hetero:
different

Organisms that must
consume
food for
energy
Animals

Adenine Triphosphate (ATP)
ATP
releases
energy stored in a high energy
chemical bond
by
removing
the
phosphate
and becoming
ADP
.
Cells
store
energy by
adding
the
phosphate
back on to
ADP
to make
ATP
.

Light and Pigments
Pigments
(chlorophyll
a
and
b
)
absorb
light energy
Accessory pigments absorb
different
colors of light

Chlorophyll Absorption Spectrum
Absorbs
:
Blue
Violet
Red
Reflects
:
Green
Yellow

Chloroplast
Photosynthesis takes place inside
chloroplasts
Thylakoids
Stacks of
membrane sacs
Light-dependent
reaction take place
on the membrane
of the thylakoids
Stroma
Space
between
thylakoids
and
inner membrane
Light-independent (Calvin Cycle)
reaction takes place in stroma

Photosynthesis Equation
What happens during photosynthesis:
Light energy from the SUN is used to turn carbon dioxide and water into sugar (glucose) and oxygen
Photosynthesis: Two Parts
Light-dependent Reactions
Change
light
energy into
chemical
energy
Light-independent Reactions or Calvin Cycle
Produce
simple sugars
from the
products
of the light-dependent reactions.



Light Dependent Reactions
Sunlight strikes the
chlorophyll
, the
energy
from the sunlight
split

water
and is transferred to
electrons
in the chlorophyll.
Photolysis – the
splitting
of
water
produces the
oxygen
we breath and the
energized

electrons
.
Light Dependent Reactions
Energized
electrons
move from the
chlorophyll
to an
electron transport chain

Electron Transport Chain: a line of proteins embedded in a membrane along which the electrons are passed down
As the electrons pass along this line, they
lose
some of their
energy
to form
ATP
and
NADPH
.
ATP
and
NADPH
carry the sun’s
energy
to the
light-independent reactions
.

Light Dependent Reactions
Light Independent Reactions (Calvin Cycle)
Does
NOT
need sunlight.
Takes place in the
stroma
of the chloroplast.
Uses
carbon dioxide
from the atmosphere and
ATP
and
NADPH
produced in the light-dependent reactions to form
sugars
.
Now the energy of sunlight is stored in the sugars produced.

Calvin Cyle
Table of Contents
Date Lecture/Activity Pg#
10/17/17 Photosynthesis
Objective: We will discuss the reactants and products of photosynthesis.
Product: I will use my notes to complete a storyboard of the process of photosynthesis (honors)
Product: I will use my notes to complete a concept map of photosynthesis (general)

The Calvin cycle (article) | Photosynthesis | Khan Academy

Calvin cycle - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The light-independent Calvin cycle uses the energy from these short-lived energy carriers to convert  into  that can be used by the organism.


Calvin Cycle
Carbon Dioxide
Glucose
Water
Light Dependent Reactions
Oxygen
Reactants
The reactants of cellular respiration are: Oxygen and Glucose (Sugar)
Krebs Cycle
Glucose
Electron Transport Chain
Carbon Dioxide
ATP
Oxygen
Water
ATP
Light
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
ATP
By
Dylan Pulley

ATP
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is one of the principal chemical compounds that living things use to store and release energy
ATP Cycle
ADP
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate) is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in cells
ADP Cycle
3 Phosphate groups
Ribose
Adenine

1. Prior to entering the Krebs Cycle, pyruvate must be converted into acetyl CoA. This is achieved by removing a CO2 moleculefrom pyruvate and then removing an electron to reduce an NAD+ into NADH. An enzyme called coenzyme A is combined with the remaining acetyl tomake acetyl CoA which is then fed into the Krebs Cycle. The steps in the KrebsCycle are summarized below:

The CO2 enters the Calvin cyle.

The total sum of reactions in the Calvin cycle is
All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

, NADP H,O2 3 2016-11-16 CALVIN CYCLE Photosynthesis: Calvin cycle 6H2O ..

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Calvin cycle These reactions can occur in the light or the dark


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