By the sixth century, Rome evolved into a republic, landowners, aristocrats and patricians overthrew the Etruscan king and religion governed the people, dictated the laws and legitimized the rule of the patricians....
; | Over these thirty years, Turkmen territories were absorbed into the Russian Empire
*--West of the Black Sea, Balkan tensions mounted as relations deteriorated between and nationalism waxed among the Slavic peoples under dominion
*--The focus of shifted to south-eastern Europe and began to concentrate on vast transnational economic issues involved in the coming of the "petroleum era" of global industrialization throughout
Our friends at Project Canterbury have made a list of the lectures, along with a link to the online text of every lecture where it is available.
These eight lectures were delivered in January, 1928 at Saint Thomas Church, Fifth Avenue in New York City under the auspices of the New York Altar Guild.
In this convention sermon he reflects on the relationship between the Church of England and the Episcopal Church in the United States, liturgical revision, doctrinal unity and other matters.
1871fa:1872wi; Russian Grand Duke Aleksei (son of Alexander II) visited USA and, among other things, hunted Buffalo with General George Custer in Kansas
*--Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman, more recently commander of prairie Indian Territory, returned the visit
SUMMARY: Families of pioneers swept westward and founded new communities throughout what is now the Midwest, and between 1816 and 1821, six new states were admitted to the Union.
*lyn-born painter John Gast portrayed US movement west, titled "American Progress"
The action sweeps from right to left, as the bright eastern sky drives dark clouds ever westward =
Far right, we see crowded east-coast ports (the Brooklyn Bridge is discernible) busy with trade
Railroads, stage coaches, and Conestoga wagons course westward, laden with goods and folks from the bustling east
Telegraph lines run into the arms of a provocative angel, also flying westward. And she carries a book in her arms
Is it a Bible? No, it's
Farmers follow miners who follow a trapper, as if to predict and thus confirm the "Turner Thesis"
In front of this onslaught, buffalo and bear (wildlife) and native savages flee from encroaching brightness of the good future
No obvious presence of preachers or the US military can be seen
What we see is simply the natural force of "American progress" pressuring alarmed and their dogs out of the way
Read Tocqueville's account of Native-Americans forced to cross the Mississippi westward, leaving their dogs on the eastern embankment 
Is this not a portrait of the "Westernization" of the "West"?
political-economist John Stuart Mill, "The Subjection of "
*--He carried that tradition a great distance toward emerging European social-democratic views
*--John Stuart Mill was the last representative of the century-long "classical economist" tradition, but macro-political-economic analysis continued its heavy influence =
Upon looking into the motives of Europeans it is clearly evident that economic, the spread of Christianity, adventure and Social Darwinism all played their part in inspiring the quest to expand the influence of Europeans throughout the world....
While the United States has a long-standing foothold on the oil in Africa, China has been dominating the other natural resources available for the past 20 years (Bhorat 2013)....
| Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph declared the Empire divided into a "Dual Monarchy", the
*--The newly created dual monarchy went under several names =
*--Franz Joseph maneuvered his complex empire into position for its final half-century flare, an adventure that ended in the catastrophe of WW1
1880de11(NS): German Imperial Military Chief of Staff, Baron Helmut von Moltke, wrote a letter to a leading German jurist in which he revealed a great deal about his militaristic ideas on the nature of war 
*--Moltke was responding to an 1880se09 manual on "The Laws of War on Land" issued by the Institute of International Law at Oxford