Please note the maximum figure of 1100ug/Day highest in the most severely burnt patients. This is still five times less than your maximum figure. I guess that I need not point out that, as with our colloidal silver, the silver in question entered the body as silver ions, as did presumably all of the SSD studies provided and these are therefore quite appropriate as comparatives. However, bearing in mind that the SSD ions did not have the stomachic hydrochloric acid to deal with, your figure of 6mg/L still remains incredible, and even though it would serve to support my ammonia hypothesis all the more strongly, I would still suggest that we could improve the science of colloidal silver appreciably by replicating your experiment or even better, conducting tests capable of determining accurate comparative concentrations in the blood, urine and feces for ionic, mixed and pure particulate silver. Furthermore, by delineating the circumstances leading to the detection of such relatively high urinary values, this phenomenon proves beyond a shadow of doubt, that ionic silver is effectively assimilated into and circulated within the body.
I recently remarked that: “Frank’s in vitro AgCl argument is so simplistic that it has not progressed to the level of a basic chemistry set experiment, which at least might have demonstrated the ammonia phenomenon”. The URL (and the photo) provided above illustrates Frank’s hypothesis. Clicking on the NH3 symbol on that page will show you my counter argument to Frank’s hypothesis (the photo is reproduced below), which he conveniently neglected to take account of and still stubbornly refuses to acknowledge, resorting to insults instead of scientific defence of his failed hypothesis.
In my 2003 book Lonely Planets, I described what I call the “Living Worlds hypothesis,” which is Gaian thinking applied to astrobiology. Perhaps life everywhere is intrinsically a planetary‐scale phenomenon with a cosmological life span—that is, a life expectancy measured in billions of years, the timescale that defines the lives of planets, stars, and the universe.
I was born in 1958. during the , and I was trained from childhood to be a scientist. My first professional mentor , and was an hailed by a federal study as the world’s most promising alternative to the internal combustion engine. In 1974, as that engine created a stir in the USA’s federal government, I began dreaming of changing the energy industry. In that same year, I had my and awakenings. During my second year of college, I had my first existential crisis and a . I still held my energy dreams, however, and in 1986, eight years after that first paranormal event, that suddenly caused me to move up the coast from Los Angeles to Seattle, where I landed in the middle of what is arguably the . The company sold the that has ever been on the world market and it by using the most ingenious marketing plan that I ever saw. That effort was , which saw our technology as a threat to its revenues and profits, and my wild ride began. The owner of the Seattle business left the state to rebuild his effort. I and soon . My partner's experiences in Seattle radicalized him. My use of "radical" intends to convey the original "" meaning. Radicals seek a fundamental understanding of events (so they aim for the root and do not hack at branches), but more economically than in my partner's instance. He would never see the energy industry the same way again after his radicalization (also called "") in Seattle, but he had more radicalization ahead of him.
Frank calculates the fate of silver, be it ions or particles, only in the stomach and blood and then only theoretically from a test tube extrapolation, yet the former is the mere first step in its journey into bio-complexity. It appears that Frank is intent on oversimplifying the biochemistry of silver so as to maintain consistency with a preconceived commercial strategy of one-upmanship over more conventional forms of electro-colloidal silver. I find this rather disappointing for a professing professional scientist. Frank's in vitro AgCl argument is so simplistic that they have not progressed even to the level of a basic chemistry set experiment, which at least might have demonstrated the ammonia phenomenon. I restate my in vivo ammonia hypothesis in a little more detail, since Frank has not scientifically or logically countered it.
What heads that list may well be the primary trait that led to UP’s dominance of Earth: their mastery of language. Although social communication via sound may have and perhaps even earlier, and had , and Neanderthals had , scientists strongly suspect that the mastery of language that today’s humans display probably allowed humans to rapidly develop their technology and culture. It was humanity’s first Internet: a way to communicate ideas and information in a way previously unfeasible and even unimaginable, at a level of sophistication that no other land animal ever achieved. That invention provided the opportunity for sharing complex ideas, which created positive feedback loops that allowed for quicker cultural and technological advances. That is not fanciful speculation; linguistics, the study of brain abnormalities, and genetics testing has converged on what seems the most plausible hypothesis today, although in these areas the controversies can be fierce.
Some scientists treat every proboscidean extinction as a unique mystery, unrelated to other proboscidean extinctions, and climate and resulting vegetation changes are hypothesized as agents of extinction (or other causes invoked), when the most probable cause stares at them each morning in the mirror. The devil in the details, but regarding the megafauna extinctions, some specialists cannot seem to discern a very clear pattern. Scientists, because they are human, have an inherent conflict of interest when attributing such catastrophes to non-human causes. During the remainder of this essay, it will become evident that there is a human penchant for absolving one’s in-group of responsibility for catastrophes and crimes committed against the out-group, and , scientists, and other professionals regularly engage in such interest-conflicted acts, whether they were defending their species, race, gender, nation, class, ideology, ethnicity, or profession. That in-group/out-group difference in treatment has a long history and probably goes back to the beginnings of territorial social animals.
To briefly revisit , to that speculation above, scientists ideally want persuasive evidence that humans drove and to extinction. They want Acheulean or later technological artifacts associated with kills of those species. All that scientists have found for so far are some teeth and jawbones. Although such deductive reasoning is sound, the fossil and artifactual record is so thin that such evidence will probably never be adduced, even if it was a common event 150-100 kya. survived for nine million years and disappeared around when more lethal humans arrived, and a , soon after anatomically modern humans arrived in the vicinity. Is that a coincidence? There is genetic evidence that behaviorally modern humans interbred with , , and perhaps , and they all went extinct soon after those behaviorally modern humans arrived. That they interbred put to bed the hypotheses that they went extinct before arrived on the scene. If they went extinct after behaviorally modern humans arrived, as the genetic evidence clearly tells us, the implications are obvious, and any extinction hypothesis that invokes climate change or some other natural catastrophe has some high hurdles to overcome. Those events were probably early salvos of the .
As scientific investigations deal with the human line, the issues increasingly become more complex and difficult to untangle and assess. This is largely because of human consciousness, which is a wild card, something that if not different in kind, is vastly different in degree, at least for land animals; . Designing falsifiable hypotheses for testing human behavior and consciousness has provided challenges not seen in other sciences, and experiments performed on our primate cousins have also become more humane. Dissecting chimp brains while they are still alive is as ethically unacceptable today as doing it to humans. Even today, data on the effects of cold and altitude on humans was primarily gleaned from . Today’s scientists who study human consciousness and its relationship to physical reality have been limited by ethics and what is perhaps the primary limitation: in studying human consciousness, scientists are studying themselves. The ideal of objective examination of the material world is hampered by , and an objective examination of human consciousness, by , may well be an impossible goal.
Anthropologists and primate researchers , but relatively recent scientific findings have disproven that notion. , and it is more sophisticated with great apes. It took a few million years after the human/chimp split for our ancestors to learn to , and that culture then spread widely in Africa. The , , and were probably all closely related and at least partly interdependent, but little seemed to change . Then the and possessed a larger brain, and new tools and behaviors are evident . The timeframes continually shrank between major events in the human journey. Only 200 thousand years later, and , and new behaviors are in evidence. Only 100 thousand years after that, anatomically modern humans appeared. Only 30 thousand years after that, about 170 kya, , probably due to necessity, where life once again was eked out on the margins, and those humans may have decorated their bodies. About 100 kya, innovation seems to have accelerated again, and by 75-60 kya there is evidence of . Needles and perhaps even arrowheads first appeared about 60 kya. There is no doubt among scientists that members of made those advances, and their artifacts provided evidence of increasing cultural and technical sophistication, which soon left Neanderthals and all other land animals far behind. About 75-70 kya, a , and there is controversy today whether that eruption was partly responsible for the that passed through not long afterward. What became today’s humanity seems to have nearly gone extinct at that bottleneck.