For example, the sentence "After considering all of these possible materials, plutonium was selected" implicitly attributes consciousness to plutonium.
Essays must have an appropriate, original title; contain an introduction (with an explicit, assertive thesis, underlined), several body paragraphs supporting the thesis, and an appropriate concluding paragraph; and avoid use of you throughout. Be sure to use appropriate topic sentences and transitions to guide the reader.
Nevertheless, the writer thinks it proper to say that, in hisopinion, the Constitution is no such instrument as it has generally beenassumed to be; but that by false interpretations, and naked usurpations, thegovernment has been made in practice a very widely, and almost wholly,different thing from what the Constitution itself purports to authorize.
Inasmuch as the Constitution was never signed, nor agreed to, by anybody, asa contract, and therefore never bound anybody, and is now binding uponnobody; and is, moreover, such an one as no people can ever hereafter beexpected to consent to, except as they may be forced to do so at the point ofthe bayonet, it is perhaps of no importance what its true legal meaning, as acontract, is.
Thisidea was the dominant one on which the war was carried on; and it is thedominant one, now that we have got what is called "peace."Their pretenses that they have "Saved the Country," and "Preserved ourGlorious Union," are frauds like all the rest of their pretenses.
This is what I mean by mix.
The next session will explain the grade categories that I liketo use when judging certain types of movies. Every film that has been made must first acquire the fundsto make the film.
If he should call upon his neighbors, or any others who, likehim, may be disposed to resist our demands, and they should come in largenumbers to his assistance, cry out that they are all rebels and traitors;that "our country" is in danger; call upon the commander of our hiredmurderers; tell him to quell the rebellion and "save the country," costwhat it may.
An alternative to the commons need not be perfectly just to bepreferable. With real estate and other material goods, thealternative we have chosen is the institution of private propertycoupled with legal inheritance. Is this system perfectly just? Asa genetically trained biologist I deny that it is. It seems to methat, if there are to be differences in individual inheritance,legal possession should be perfectly correlated with biologicalinheritance-that those who are biologically more fit to be thecustodians of property and power should legally inherit more. Butgenetic recombination continually makes a mockery of the doctrineof "like father, like son" implicit in our laws oflegal inheritance. An idiot can inherit millions, and a trustfund can keep his estate intact. We must admit that our legalsystem of private property plus inheritance is unjust -- but weput up with it because we are not convinced, at the moment, thatanyone has invented a better system. The alternative of thecommons is too horrifying to contemplate. Injustice is preferableto total ruin.
Somewhat later we saw that the commons as a place for wastedisposal would also have to be abandoned. Restrictions on thedisposal of domestic sewage are widely accepted in the Westernworld; we are still struggling to close the commons to pollutionby automobiles, factories, insecticide sprayers, fertilizingoperations, and atomic energy installations.
Coercion is a dirty word to most liberals now, but it need notforever be so. As with the four-letter words, its dirtiness canbe cleansed away by exposure to the light, by saying it over andover without apology or embarrassment. To many, the word coercionimplies arbitrary decisions of distant and irresponsiblebureaucrats; but this is not a necessary part of its meaning. Theonly kind of coercion I recommend is mutual coercion, mutuallyagreed upon by the majority of the people affected.
Still another reason why the payment of taxes implies no consent, orpledge, to support the government, is that the taxpayer does not know, andhas no means of knowing, who the particular individuals are who compose"the government." To him "the government" is a myth, an abstraction, anincorporeality, with which he can make no contract, and to which he can giveno consent, and make no pledge.
The morality of bank robbing is particularly easy tounderstand because we accept complete prohibition of thisactivity. We are willing to say "Thou shalt not robbanks," without providing for exceptions. But temperancealso can be created by coercion. Taxing is a good coercivedevice. To keep downtown shoppers temperate in their use ofparking space we introduce parking meters for short periods, andtraffic fines for longer ones. We need not actually forbid acitizen to park as long as he wants to; we need merely make itincreasingly expensive for him to do so. Not prohibition, butcarefully biased options are what we offer him. A Madison Avenueman might call this persuasion; I prefer the greater candor ofthe word coercion.