biometric security systems
This is an extended referenced essay writing task that requires you to demonstrate your ability to develop a line of argument on a topic related to one of the topics covered in the Skills for Study 3 module.
In your essay, you should refer to a number of sources from the Skills for Study 3 Study Pack, but you MUST also refer to at least 5 other sources which you have found. You must ensure that the sources you use are academic and reliable, in particular ensure that Internet sources are accessed via a reputable academic database or an academic journal.
What you will be assessed on:
1. Establishing a clear purpose or thesis statement of your essay
2. Developing a line of argument, expanding and supporting the arguments with reasons and relevant examples
3. Identifying and evaluating counter arguments, opinions or solutions
4. Writing in an evaluative rather than descriptive manner
5. The extent and depth of your research of independently found sources
6. Incorporating others’ work effectively by quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing viewpoints and using in-text citations accurately
7. Compiling a complete, accurate, consistently referenced bibliography (standard Harvard system) at the end of your essay.
8. The clarity of expression used in your writing, especially register and style.
“The public have accepted the use of biometric security systems (in banking and government ID cards, for example) using biometric data such as fingerprint scanners, iris scanners and facial recognition systems. However, use of DNA as a biometric identifier for businesses or governments will not be accepted by the public due to its use in police investigations and identifying genetically-inherited diseases.”
Using existing literature and data, critically evaluate this claim in relation to the following areas .
In recent time, there has been high level of impersonation experienced on a daily basis in both private and public sectors, the ghost worker syndrome which has become a menace across all tiers of government, employers concerns over the levels of employee absence in their workforce and the difficulty in managing student attendance during lecture periods. Fingerprints are a form of biometric identification which is unique and does not change in one’s entire lifetime. This paper presents the attendance management system using fingerprint technology in a university environment. It consists of two processes namely; enrolment and authentication. During enrolment, the fingerprint of the user is captured and its unique features extracted and stored in a database along with the users identity as a template for the subject. The unique features called minutiae points were extracted using the Crossing Number (CN) method which extracts the ridge endings and bifurcations from the skeleton image by examining the local neighborhoods of each ridge pixel using a 3 x 3 window. During authentication, the fingerprint of the user is captured again and the extracted features compared with the template in the database to determine a match before attendance is made. The fingerprint-based attendance management system was implemented with Microsoft’s C# on the. NET framework and Microsoft’s Structured Query Language (SQL) Server 2005 as the backend. The experimental result shows that the developed system is highly efficient in the verification of users fingerprint with an accuracy level of 97.4%. The average execution time for the developed system was 4.29 seconds as against 18.48 seconds for the existing system. Moreover, the result shows a well secured and reliable system capable of preventing impersonation.
Authentication: To access the secured information a user must give his identity using a secret password or fingerprint to the system.
In this paper, an attempt was made to look at the prevalence in the high level of impersonation experienced on a daily basis in both private and public sectors, the ghost worker syndrome which has become a menace across all tiers of government, employers concerns over the levels of absence in their workforce and difficulty in managing student attendance during lecture periods. Sequel to this, a fingerprint-based Attendance Management System was developed to provide a faster, more secure, and more convenient method of user verification than passwords and tokens can provide for a reliable personal identification.
It is expected today that an individual who wants to authenticate himself for a service must have a token and/or password for example identity card, ATM card, driving license, health card and so on. Carrying different cards and remembering passwords for different services is a significant issue for individuals and organizations. A secure and effective identity management system plays an important role in the successful deployment of an attendance management system. To make the identity management system more secure and reliable for authentication, biometrics data are integrated in the attendance management systems .