C3 plants have the disadvantage that in hot dry conditions their photosynthetic efficiency suffers because of a process called . When the CO2 concentration in the drops below about 50 ppm, the catalyst that helps to fix carbon begins to fix oxygen instead. This is highly wasteful of the energy that has been collected from the light, and causes the rubisco to operate at perhaps a quarter of its maximal rate.
Red (610 - 700 nm) and blue (450 - 500 nm) wavelengths are most effective in promoting photosynthesis. Green (500 - 570 nm) light is least effective - it is not absorbed by plants but is reflected which is why green plants appear to be green. The conclusion: different wavelengths of light affect the photosynthetic process. Red and blue light support the highest rates of photosynthesis (although white light causes the most disks to float, remember that white is all wavelengths so it can be expected to result in the highest percentage).
We are highly dependant on crops whether to eat directly, processed food or animal feed - so, we might not be green, but we ultimately depend for a lot of our food on photosynthesis!
Photosynthesis is the process of capturing energy (light) from the sun and using it to convert the absorbed carbon dioxide into organic compounds- such as sugars.
Respiration refers to the metabolism of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide. In it is a positive term, a process vital to life. But photorespiration is an entirely negative term because it represents a severe loss to the process of using light energy in photosynthetic organisms to fix carbon for subsequent carbohydrate synthesis. By leading to the loss of up to half of the carbon that has been fixed at the expense of light energy, photorespiration undoes the work of photosynthesis.
At temperatures over 40oC enzymes involved in the process are increasingly destroyed, so photosynthesis slows down and eventually stops because the photosynthesis enzymes are destroyed.
The process of chromatography, which separates complex mixtures into their component parts based on their solubility in different kinds of solvents, can help identify some of the pigments used in photosynthesis.
This is provided to them through the process of photosynthesis, which can be a very simple process or a complex one, depending on the point of view from which you look at it.
The acidity was found to arise from the opening of their stomata at night to take in CO2 and fix it into malic acid for storage in the large vacuoles of their photosynthetic cells. It could drop the pH to 4 with a malic acid concentration up to 0.3M . Then in the heat of the day, the stomata close tightly to conserve water and the malic acid is decarboxylated to release the CO2 for fixing by the Calvin cycle. PEP is used for the initial short-term carbon fixation as in the , but the entire chain of reactions occurs in the same cell rather than handing off to a separate cell as with the C4 plants. In the CAM strategy, the processes are separated temporally, the initial CO2 fixation at night, and the malic acid to Calvin cycle part taking place during the day.