Denisiuk's paper, two major theories arise from evolutionary psychology and social structural theory, both of which attempt to explain mate selection and gender differences. Although evolutionary psychology and parental investment theory provide robust ideas for gender differences in mate selection, there are a great many anomalies in terms of both individuals' sexual motivations and techniques of mate selection.
Anger is the only one emotional response to these stressors. Some people might respond with depression or withdrawal. However, those reactions are usually accompanied by anger which may be difficult for the person to express directly. Depression is sometimes viewed as anger directed towards the self, and withdrawal may also be a passive expression of anger. A number of theories on the development of aggressive behavior have influenced the treatment of violent patients. They can be categorized as psychological, socio cultural and biological.
The most famous proponent of this theory was Sigmund Freud, who held that aggression stems mainly from a powerful death wish (thanatos) possessed by all persons.
In contrast, females might aggress equally against males and females, or even more frequently against males than other females (Hilton, Harris, & Rice, 2000). Social structural theory rejects the instinct views of aggression, but has its own alternative view.
Rochester Institute of Technology Throughout history, many psychologist and other theorists have tried to explain the differences between males and females.
Does it cross cultural and racial boundaries, existing in varying demographics? I disagree with the view of evolutionary psychologists who see "sex-evolved dispositions as psychological tendencies that have been built in genetically." Based on my knowledge of anthropology, the evolutionary theory fails to explain why, if the disposition toward sex differences is based on genetics, different cultures around the world have women in charge, who have what are perceived to be "males tendencies" (e.g., being aggressors) in the eyes of western society and are the bread-winners of the household.
I believe that the paper covered a range of subjects that are very common in the everyday scenarios of male and female interactions. The paper progressed from a discussion of evolutionary psychologists' view of the origins of differences between men and women to the social structural theory.
Evolutionary psychologists and social structural theorists have offered many important theories that explain why males and females are different from each other and in what context differences exist.
Some social structural theorists believe that this difference arises in part because males show greater acceptance than females of the idea that aggression is a legitimate and acceptable form of behavior (Hogben, 2001). When investigating sex differences, aggression is a complex topic that should be discussed in detail.
Aggression is primarily a learned form of social behavior. According to Albert Bandura, neither innate urges toward violence nor aggressive drives aroused by frustration are the roots of human aggression. He said that aggression is the learned behavior under voluntary control. The learning of aggressive behavior occurs by observation and modeling. For example, a child watches an angry parent strikes out another person. Learning aggressive behavior also takes place by direct experiences. The person feels anger and behaves aggressively. If behaving aggressively brings rewards, the behavior is encouraged.
Social learning theory proposes that aggressive behavior is learned through the socialization process as a result of internal and external learning.
One psychological view of aggressive behavior suggests the importance of predisposing developmental or life experiences that limit the person’s capacity to select nonviolent coping mechanisms. Some of these experiences may include:
a). Frustration: The single most potent means of inciting human beings to aggression is frustration. Widespread acceptance of this view stems from John Dollard’s frustration, aggression hypothesis. This hypothesis indicated that frustration always leads to a form of aggression and that aggression always stem from frustration.
It is usually supposed that the man is the one who will act physically aggressively, but it has been shown that women are not always fearful to show physical aggression toward a man. There are indeed sex differences and explanations for the reasons behind them by both evolutionary psychology and social structural theory.