Canada exercises leadership in combating trafficking in persons internationally, including by sponsoring projects to prevent and raise awareness of the risks of human trafficking in regions such as Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America and the Caribbean. Canada also participates in a variety of fora where we share best practices and strategies to combat human trafficking, including the UN, the Organization for American States, G7, the Regional Conference on Migration, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the Bali Process.
Bill C-49, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (trafficking in persons) came into force on November 25, 2005. Bill C-49 creates three new additional indictable offences specifically to address human trafficking and which can be used by law enforcement to address this crime.
We are aware of no evidence of anyone fraudulently claiming to be trafficked to achieve immigration relief. Applications for immigration remedies for human trafficking victims require evidence and documentation, often including cooperation with law enforcement. It is unlikely that a person who is not really a victim could adequately meet the requirements.
The research is structured into 8 chapters, proceedingfrom general background of human trafficking to the development of theframework of human rights protection.
Despite the recognition of all forms ofhuman trafficking, trafficking for sexual exploitation, in which the majority oftrafficked persons are young women, is the focus of this study.
Smuggling assumes some level of consent and willingness on the part of the person that is being smuggled; labor trafficking requires the use of force, fraud or coercion. Smuggling is a violation of national boundaries; labor trafficking does not require actual movement and is a violation of one’s human rights.
Innocents at Risk is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit founded to fight child exploitation and human trafficking. Our mission is to educate citizens about the grave issue of global and local human trafficking. We are dedicated to protecting children from all forms of abuse, and work to end child exploitation and child trafficking everywhere.
Human Trafficking is a $150 billion industry worldwide, and it is happening throughout the world in every country and across the United States in every major city and small town. According to the Department of State, 2 million women and children are victims of human trafficking every year. In the United States, 300 thousand children are forced into child prostitution and child pornography each year. In Washington DC alone, trafficking innocent children is a $100 million industry.
Traffickers tend to prey on the vulnerable, those who want a better life, have little or no employment opportunities, very unstable, and have a history of sexual abuse.
Likewise, Thailand, a country of origin, and the UK, adestination country, have adopted/amended their anti-trafficking laws in linewith the Trafficking Protocol.
Since 2004, Innocents at Risk has been working to raise awareness about the horrors of child trafficking in America and around the world. We conduct educational outreach programs through churches, clubs, organizations, schools and embassies. Our awareness DVD has been used at every major embassy and throughout the United States as an educational resource.
In response to the fight against human trafficking, the thesis calls for theamendment of the Trafficking Protocol moving towards the development ofcomprehensive framework of human rights protection.
There is a substantial amount of disagreement about this. Many people note that jurisdictions with legal prostitution also have higher rates of trafficking. Others dispute this conclusion. There seems to be some evidence that the Swedish model– which criminalizes buying sex but decriminalizes it for the prostituted men and women as well as offering them services – has resulted in a reduction of both prostitution and sex trafficking.
Nicholas Kistof of the New York Times states, “Human trafficking is a convoluted euphemism.” He goes right to the heart of the matter and refers to it as modern human slavery.