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The size-distance invariance hypothesis.

...CONTAINER, POINT and MEDIUM, which I assume are engaged in metaphorical mappings from space to time. Importantly, the mappings observe the Invariance Hypothesis (Lakoff 1990, 1993; Turner 1990, 1993; =-=Brugman 1990-=-). The image schema-structure of the spatial domain is preserved in the temporal domain in that interiors of containers are mapped onto interiors, exteriors onto exteriors etc. However, some evidence ...

...aphorical views are an important part of the very concepts that people have for thinking the metaphors’ target domains (see, e.g., Murphy 1996). Also, we do not assume Lakoff’s Invariance Hypothesis (=-=Lakoff 1990-=-), and do not use the notion of an image-schema. A given metaphorical view, or more precisely the mapping it involves, may be stored in the memory of a particular cognitive agent, albeit perhaps in so...

The sizedistance invariance hypothesis.

The Size Distance Invariance Hypothesis and Binocular …

Results: The present results (i) provided support for the factor validity and reliability of a secondorder measurement model of depression based on the CES-D items; (ii) revealed the full measurement invariance of the first- and second-order measurement models across gender; (iii)showed the partial strict measurement invariance (four uniquenesses had to be freely estimated, but the factor variances-covariances matrix also proved fully invariant) of the first-order factor model and the complete measurement invariance of the second-order model across patients andcommunity adults; (iv) revealed a lack of latent mean invariance across gender and across clinical and community subsamples (with women and patients reporting higher scores on all subscales and on the full scale); (v) confirmed the convergent validity of the CES-D with measures ofdepression, self-esteem, anxiety and hopelessness; and (vi) demonstrated the efficacy of the screening properties of this instrument among clinical and non-clinical adults.

We demonstrate that exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM),an integration of CFA and EFA, overcomes these problems with responses (n= 3390) to the 60-itemNEO-FFI: (a) ESEM fits the data better and results in substantially more differentiated (less correlated)factors than CFA; (b) tests of gender invariance with the 13-model ESEM taxonomy of full measurementinvariance of factor loadings, factor variance-covariances, item uniquenesses, correlated uniquenesses,item intercepts, differential item functioning, and latent means show that women score higheron all NEO big-five factors; (c) longitudinal analyses support measurement invariance over timeand the maturity principle (decreases in Neuroticism, increases in Agreeableness, Openness and Conscientiousness).

The Size Distance Invariance Hypothesis and Binocular Size Perception

Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35, 1064-1075.

McBride-Chang, C., Franklin, R.(1996) Structural invariance in the associations of naming speed, phonological awareness, and verbal reasoning in good and poor readers: A test of the double deficit hypothesis.

For too long, size perception research has been guided by the size distance invariance hypothesis (SDIH). Although research to validate this hypothesis has been largely inconclusive, the hypothesis has endured, perhaps in part because alternative information sources for size perception were lacking. Here, I present the results of an experiment in which participants viewed a virtual object stereoscopically then judged its size and distance. Importantly, the experiment explicitly manipulated participants’ interpupillary distance (IPD). Results showed that size and distance judgments were overestimated under a diminished IPD, but underestimated under an enlarged IPD. Significantly, size and distance judgments were affected differently by IPD manipulation, demonstrating that size and distance are independent, rather than interdependent percepts as the SDIH assumes.

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Evaluating the Time-Invariance Hypothesis of Climate …


“The Invariance Hypothesis Implies Domain-Specific …

...ance hypothesis. Butsdoes this mean that the hypothesis has been falsified? Probably that would be doing it toosmuch honour. Judging by the diverse versions that are in circulation (e.g. Lakoff 1990,s=-=Brugman 1990-=-, Turner 1990, Turner 1993, Lakoff 1993), the so-called "invariances15 This goes at least for Lakoff's (1990:54) original version of the hypothesis. In Lakoff (1993:215), theshypothesis – despite bein...

Invariance principle (linguistics) - Wikipedia

Is visual cortex made up of general-purpose information processing machinery, or does it consist of a collection of specialized modules? If prior knowledge, acquired from learning a set of objects is only transferable to new objects that share properties with the old, then the recognition system’s optimal organization must be one containing specialized modules for different object classes. Our analysis starts from a premise we call the invariance hypothesis: that the computational goal of the ventral stream is to compute an invariant-to-transformations and discriminative signature for recognition. The key condition enabling approximate transfer of invariance without sacrificing discriminability turns out to be that the learned and novel objects transform similarly. This implies that the optimal recognition system must contain subsystems trained only with data from similarly-transforming objects and suggests a novel interpretation of domain-specific regions like the fusiform face area (FFA). Furthermore, we can define an index of transformation-compatibility, computable from videos, that can be combined with information about the statistics of natural vision to yield predictions for which object categories ought to have domain-specific regions in agreement with the available data. The result is a unifying account linking the large literature on view-based recognition with the wealth of experimental evidence concerning domain-specific regions.

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