Key events in the popular story of Jesus's life, such as the virgin birth and resurrection, were already circulating in other religions of the day. There is little evidence that Muhammad existed, and if he did, he probably lived around Jerusalem, not on the Arabian Peninsula. After a career of archeological investigation in the region where the Biblical Israel was founded, one anthropologist likened the Hebrew Bible to propaganda with tiny bits of historical truth in it, as facts are needed to help people swallow fanciful stories. To modern observers not under the , tales of people living to be nearly a thousand (), or more than 40,000 years () are not taken seriously. But literalist interpretations of ancient texts abound, whether they come from religious fundamentalists or scholars such as and who tried to explain mythical events as if ancient texts depicted literal truth. Promoting is a major component of how modern populations are controlled.
Another major advance happened in the late 20th century: the ability to analyze DNA. was discovered in 1953. In 1973, . In 2003, . was accomplished in 2005, for orangutans in 2011, and for in 2012. The comparisons of human and great ape DNA have yielded many insights, but the science of DNA analysis is still young. What has yielded far more immediately relevant information has been studying human DNA. The have been identified. Hundreds of falsely convicted Americans have been released from prison, and nearly 20 from , due to Human DNA testing has provided startling insights into humanity's past. For instance, in Europe it appears that after the ice sheets receded 16,000 to 13,000 years ago, , and for all the bloody history of Europe over the millennia since then, there have not really been mass population replacements in Europe by invasion, migration, genocide, and the like. Europeans just endlessly fought each other and honed the talents that helped them conquer humanity. There were , but other than hunter-gatherers being displaced or absorbed by the more numerous agriculturalists, there do not appear to be many population replacements. In 2010, suggested that male farmers from the Fertile Crescent founded the paternal line for most European men as they mated with the local women. DNA testing has demonstrated that all of today’s humans are , of whom a few hundred and conquered Earth. The , as well as genomes of other extinct species, and for a brief, exuberant moment, some scientists thought that , -style. Although dinosaur DNA is unrecoverable, organic dinosaur remains been recovered, and even some proteins have been sequenced, which probably no scientist believed possible in the 1980s.
The modern use of is little more than pumping electrons to power electrical equipment, in the same basic fashion that running water was used to run . The electron flow, like running water, is not the ultimate source of energy, but is just an energy flow that humans harnessed, although humans the electron flow, unlike the . With electricity, the first major applications had . But coal-fired electric generators quickly became the standard, for the , and coal power today provides . Electrons pumped across copper wires became a major innovation that led to modern homes and cities. Before electricity was used to transmit energy, power was only available at the site where usable energy was produced. Watermills, windmills, and heat engines transmitted pre-electrical energy via gears, straps, and pulleys, which were cumbersome and dangerous. With the , factories became far more versatile and humane, and as cities and homes were electrified, they were radically transformed. The USA led the world in introducing electrical appliances to homes; refrigerators, thermostatically controlled central heating and air conditioning, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, dryers, dish washers, radios, televisions, and computers, to name a few innovations, made the early 21st century’s home virtually unrecognizable to a home-dweller during the USA’s Civil War. Electricity also powers the process used today to , and modern equipment of all kinds would simply be infeasible without electricity.
The low-density lipoprotein particle LDL is also known as 'bad cholesterol' as it is the major carrier of blood plasma cholesterol and high levels of LDL particles are associated to increased risk of heart disease.
It plays a pivotal role in many critical functions (such asphotosynthesis) in the plant and is a major component of amino acids, thecritical element constituent component of proteins.