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synthesis and characterization of polyacrylonitrile

A microwave (MW) assisted green process to synthesize nanomagnetic polymer composites (NPCs) based on polyacrylonitrile (PAN) has been developed. The process involves 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile initiated in-situ polymerization of acrylonitrile in presence of tween -20 stabilized ferrite nanoparticles (FNPs) under MW irradiation ranging 25 to 100 Watt over 10min. With MW power, the polymerization reaction has been progressed resulting in NPCs with enhanced rheoviscosity and yield over PAN. The formation of NPCs has been ascertained through Fourier transformed infra-red spectra, X ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy .Vibrating sample magnetometry and simultaneous thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis-differential thermogravimetry reveals the formation of thermally stable NPCs with saturation magnetization 70.0 emu/g.

In this paper, synthesis and swelling behavior of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel based on kappa carrageenan (κC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was investigated. To achieve partially hydrolyzed κC-PAN hydrogel, physical mixture of κC and PAN was hydrolyzed by NaOH solution. During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN are converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups follow by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. The reaction variables affecting on the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Under the optimized conditions concluded, super swelling hydrogel with the ability of water absorption up to 3260 g/g (water/dry hydrogel powder) has been prepared. Swelling measurements of the synthesized hydrogels was carried out in various salt solutions and solutions with different pH. The results indicate that the hydrogels have good pH sensitivity and pH-reversible property between pH 2 and pH 8.

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POLYACRYLONITRILE (PAN) AND CARBON FIBERS Prof

Microwave Assisted Synthesis of Polyacrylonitrile ..

Graphene can be synthesized from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer through pyrolysis

Abstract:
Novel polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted sepiolite nanohybrids were synthesized via emulsion graft polymerization. The influence of synthesis parameters on the degree of grafting was studied by varying the concentrations of monomer, initiator and surfactant. The nitrile groups of PAN were chemically modified into amidoxime. Both the grafting and amidoxime percentages were determined gravimetrically and maximum grafting of 373% was achieved at 5% acrylonitrile, 1% surfactant and 0.1% initiator concentrations. The presence of vibration at 2242 cm-1 in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum and x-ray diffraction (XRD) reflection at 2θ = 16.9° (010) confirmed the grafting of PAN chains onto modified sepiolite. XRD patterns also indicated a decrease in crystallinity of sepiolite and appearance of new amorphous region in grafted nanocomposites. The morphological changes of sepiolite during silanization and grafting of PAN is also confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images clearly showed the shortening of fibers after silanization of sepiolite and the same were involved in heterogeneous nucleation in micelles. These developed amidoxime grafted sepiolite nanohybrids can be used as adsorbent for the metal recovery.

AB - In this paper, synthesis and swelling behavior of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel based on kappa carrageenan (κC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was investigated. To achieve partially hydrolyzed κC-PAN hydrogel, physical mixture of κC and PAN was hydrolyzed by NaOH solution. During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN are converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups follow by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. The reaction variables affecting on the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Under the optimized conditions concluded, super swelling hydrogel with the ability of water absorption up to 3260 g/g (water/dry hydrogel powder) has been prepared. Swelling measurements of the synthesized hydrogels was carried out in various salt solutions and solutions with different pH. The results indicate that the hydrogels have good pH sensitivity and pH-reversible property between pH 2 and pH 8.

Polyacrylonitrile carbon fiber synthesis essay | …

Abstract:
Novel polyacrylonitrile (PAN) grafted sepiolite nanohybrids were synthesized via emulsion graft polymerization. The influence of synthesis parameters on the degree of grafting was studied by varying the concentrations of monomer, initiator and surfactant. The nitrile groups of PAN were chemically modified into amidoxime. Both the grafting and amidoxime percentages were determined gravimetrically and maximum grafting of 373% was achieved at 5% acrylonitrile, 1% surfactant and 0.1% initiator concentrations. The presence of vibration at 2242 cm-1 in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum and x-ray diffraction (XRD) reflection at 2θ = 16.9° (010) confirmed the grafting of PAN chains onto modified sepiolite. XRD patterns also indicated a decrease in crystallinity of sepiolite and appearance of new amorphous region in grafted nanocomposites. The morphological changes of sepiolite during silanization and grafting of PAN is also confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images clearly showed the shortening of fibers after silanization of sepiolite and the same were involved in heterogeneous nucleation in micelles. These developed amidoxime grafted sepiolite nanohybrids can be used as adsorbent for the metal recovery.

Polyacrylonitrile carbon fiber synthesis essay ..

N2 - In this paper, synthesis and swelling behavior of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel based on kappa carrageenan (κC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was investigated. To achieve partially hydrolyzed κC-PAN hydrogel, physical mixture of κC and PAN was hydrolyzed by NaOH solution. During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN are converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups follow by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. The reaction variables affecting on the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Under the optimized conditions concluded, super swelling hydrogel with the ability of water absorption up to 3260 g/g (water/dry hydrogel powder) has been prepared. Swelling measurements of the synthesized hydrogels was carried out in various salt solutions and solutions with different pH. The results indicate that the hydrogels have good pH sensitivity and pH-reversible property between pH 2 and pH 8.

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