For example, in contrast to astrology, one must accept the fact that success is not due to a fortuitous concourse of stars at our birth, but due to a steady trail of sparks from the grindstones of hard work, determination, good planning, and perseverance.
Unpublished master's thesis, Michigan State University.
ABSTRACT: The study was designed to determine body satisfaction and unrestrainedeating in a sample of college women and compare this group to other collegewomen in terms of body weight, self-esteem, food group intake, eating patterns,physical activity and roles of women.
To understand the difference between , consider carefully the following true statement: He that thinks himself the happiest man really is so; but he that thinks himself the wisest is generally the greatest fool.
Dissertation Abstracts International, 46(12),4419B, University of San Francisco.
ABSTRACT: This study attempted to identify psychological differences betweenwomen who had maintained a substantial weight loss and women who had regainedthe weight they had lost.
and Health, 9(5), 345-351.
ABSTRACT: The study investigated the activity and psychological correlatesof body weight and attitudes in a sample of young adults.
Example: "What you say passes my poor powers of comprehension; it may well be all very true, but I can't understand it, and I refrain from any expression of opinion on it." In this way you insinuate to the audience, with whom you are in good repute, that what your opponent says is nonsense.
When describing reality, you must be careful For example, describing nature as if it has human traits is a modeling process called the "pathetic fallacy." It has been found that, so far as we can discover, nature is indifferent to our values and can only be understood by ignoring our notions of good and bad.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation,The University of Arizona.
ABSTRACT: A sample of 37 competitive and non-competitive bodybuilders, alongwith 20 weight-training comparison subjects were evaluated with respectto their personality characteristics, sex-role identity, and degree of bodysatisfaction.
Finally, some researchers are quite good at ending their articles with a sweeping or thought-provoking conclusion. Darley and Latané (1968), for example, ended their article on the bystander effect by discussing the idea that whether people help others may depend more on the situation than on their personalities. Their final sentence is, “If people understand the situational forces that can make them hesitate to intervene, they may better overcome them” (p. 383). However, this kind of ending can be difficult to pull off. It can sound overreaching or just banal and end up detracting from the overall impact of the article. It is often better simply to end when you have made your final point (although you should avoid ending on a limitation).
A complete reference must appear in the Reference List at the end of your paper.Further examples and explanations are available in Sections 6.05, 6.11-6.21 and Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual.
Knapp Bequest Committee. Here are some very successful sample abstracts from a range of different disciplines written by advanced undergraduate students. Notice that while all of them are strong, interesting, and convincing, each one was written at a different point in the project’s process. Some (like and) include nearly final results, while others (like ) include preliminary and projected results. Notice also that even both across and within disciplines, abstracts differ in the amount of emphasis they give to objectives, methods, results, and conclusions. Depending on your particular project and your discipline, you will need to decide which of these aspects you will emphasize the most.
The of the introduction—typically the final paragraph or two—usually includes two important elements. The first is a clear statement of the main research question or hypothesis. This statement tends to be more formal and precise than in the opening and is often expressed in terms of operational definitions of the key variables. The second is a brief overview of the method and some comment on its appropriateness. Here, for example, is how Darley and Latané (1968) concluded the introduction to their classic article on the bystander effect:
Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words.