Assignments got your hair on fire?

Douse the flames with our full-range writing service!

Experienced academic writing professionals are at your fingertips. Use this handy tool to get a price estimate for your project.

This page describes the correct format for in-text citations in APA:

As a rule, lecturers prefer that you go to outside academic sources rather than just referencing the course material. Doing so demonstrates that you can explore the topic yourself. Research the concept in your textbook or the library, and reference those outside sources instead.

In the first part we show you how to cite a reference in the text of your assignment, in the second part we have included instructions for each of the main source types such as books or web pages.

These papers are intended to be used for research and reference purposes only.

the in-text citation contains basic information about the source:

Direct quotations are usually put inside quotation marks (“ ”), followed by the reference:

This is written by Library staff at Anglia Ruskin to support students' information skills, researchers and academic staff, and complies with the Anglia Ruskin University July 2016.

Some changes introduced since the last edition are:
This guide has been compiled with reference to a number of British Standards.

These can be accessed on the University website under the section for the Academic Office.

How do I print this guide?
You can open and print individual sections
(.pdf)
(.pdf)

Additional help
We have also produced a (.pdf) which covers the basics of Harvard Referencing.

If you are new to referencing read the .

general background reading to familiarise yourself with the topic.

An annotated bibliography includes the full reference to sources with the addition of notes, which summarise and evaluate the source and will be of variable length, depending on the assessment this may be an independent project or part of a larger research project.

Is referencing included in the Word Count?
Check the section 6.69 for details of what is excluded from the word count of a submission.

However, in your reference list/bibliography, you should justreference the secondary source.

following major pioneering research in 2006 undertaken by the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) it has been shown that ...

2nd citation:

Note that the full name is the preferred format in the reference list.

Versatile Services that Make Studying Easy
We write effective, thought-provoking essays from scratch
We create erudite academic research papers
We champion seasoned experts for dissertations
We make it our business to construct successful business papers
What if the quality isn’t so great?
Our writers are sourced from experts, and complete an obstacle course of testing to join our brigade. Ours is a top service in the English-speaking world.
How do I know the professor won’t find out?
Everything is confidential. So you know your student paper is wholly yours, we use CopyScape and WriteCheck to guarantee originality (never TurnItIn, which professors patrol).
What if it doesn’t meet my expectations?
Unchanged instructions afford you 10 days to request edits after our agreed due date. With 94% satisfaction, we work until your hair is comfortably cool.
Clients enjoy the breezy experience of working with us
Click to learn our proven method

In-text citations are used in the body of the assignment.


First time the case is mentioned in the text:


In the reference at the end of your document, you should include details of both the chapter author followed by the details of the entire work

For further advice see Section 9 References with missing details

This is particularly important for quotations and for paraphrasing specific paragraphs in the texts:


or indirectly:


Please note page numbers: preceded with p.

First time the case is mentioned in the text:

This view has been supported by Cormack (1994).
However, where you are mentioning a particular part of the work, and making direct or indirect reference to this, a page reference should be included:

with Sage.An in-text reference for the above examples would read:



An indirect in-text citation would be:


It is important to realise that Bassett may have taken Brown's ideas forward, and altered their original meaning.

An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

If you need to cite a secondary reference it is recommended that, where possible, you read the original source for yourself rather than rely on someone else's interpretation of a work.

Ch.2.An in-text reference for the above example would read:

Depending on the nature of the sentence/paragraph that is being written, references to sources may be cited in the text as described below:

Additional support on how to introduce such references is available from Student Support in their .

At the start of the article, in large text.

For this reason it is best to avoid using secondary referencing.

The reference list at the end of your document should only contain works that you have read.

Available at: An in-text reference for the above examples would read:

Note: It is important to avoid ambiguity inorder for your reader to be able to link your in text citation tothe full reference you are providing in your reference list. Inmost cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link tothe appropriate report. However, if you are citing more than oneHouse of Commons report published in 2007, it would be necessary todistinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in yourmain text. For example: According to the Responseto Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review (2007), ...

At the start of the article, in large text.

The original source of the data used in the table in Brown's book was the National Statistics Office, 1985.

If you quote from this table in the text of your essay - treat as secondary referencing:

89%
of clients claim significantly improved grades thanks to our work.
98%
of students agree they have more time for other things thanks to us.
Clients Speak
“I didn’t expect I’d be thanking you for actually improving my own writing, but I am. You’re like a second professor!”