As a rule, lecturers prefer that you go to outside academic sources rather than just referencing the course material. Doing so demonstrates that you can explore the topic yourself. Research the concept in your textbook or the library, and reference those outside sources instead.
In the first part we show you how to cite a reference in the text of your assignment, in the second part we have included instructions for each of the main source types such as books or web pages.
This is written by Library staff at Anglia Ruskin to support students' information skills, researchers and academic staff, and complies with the Anglia Ruskin University July 2016.
Some changes introduced since the last edition are:
This guide has been compiled with reference to a number of British Standards.
These can be accessed on the University website under the section for the Academic Office.
How do I print this guide?
You can open and print individual sections
We have also produced a (.pdf) which covers the basics of Harvard Referencing.
general background reading to familiarise yourself with the topic.
An annotated bibliography includes the full reference to sources with the addition of notes, which summarise and evaluate the source and will be of variable length, depending on the assessment this may be an independent project or part of a larger research project.
Is referencing included in the Word Count?
Check the section 6.69 for details of what is excluded from the word count of a submission.
following major pioneering research in 2006 undertaken by the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) it has been shown that ...
Note that the full name is the preferred format in the reference list.
In the reference at the end of your document, you should include details of both the chapter author followed by the details of the entire work
This is particularly important for quotations and for paraphrasing specific paragraphs in the texts:
Please note page numbers: preceded with p.
This view has been supported by Cormack (1994).
However, where you are mentioning a particular part of the work, and making direct or indirect reference to this, a page reference should be included:
An indirect in-text citation would be:
It is important to realise that Bassett may have taken Brown's ideas forward, and altered their original meaning.
If you need to cite a secondary reference it is recommended that, where possible, you read the original source for yourself rather than rely on someone else's interpretation of a work.
Depending on the nature of the sentence/paragraph that is being written, references to sources may be cited in the text as described below:
Additional support on how to introduce such references is available from Student Support in their .
For this reason it is best to avoid using secondary referencing.
The reference list at the end of your document should only contain works that you have read.
Note: It is important to avoid ambiguity inorder for your reader to be able to link your in text citation tothe full reference you are providing in your reference list. Inmost cases a brief citation as above will be sufficient to link tothe appropriate report. However, if you are citing more than oneHouse of Commons report published in 2007, it would be necessary todistinguish between the reports referring to a brief title in yourmain text. For example: According to the Responseto Sir Kevin Tebbit's Review (2007), ...
The original source of the data used in the table in Brown's book was the National Statistics Office, 1985.
If you quote from this table in the text of your essay - treat as secondary referencing: