On January 28th, ASU engineering professor Seungchan Kim presented his talk, “Context-specific genomic regulation in cancer”, in the most recent PSOC Seminar. Professer Kim is the lead author on a cancer detection study research paper that has earned the top prize at an international science and engineering conference.
There should be a strong connection between your conclusion and your introduction. All the themes and issues that you raised in your introduction must be referred to again in one way or another. If you find out at this stage that your thesis has not tackled an issue that you raised in the introduction, you should go back to the introduction and delete the reference to that issue. An elegant way to structure the text is to use the same textual figure or case in the beginning as well as in the end. When the figure returns in the final section, it will have taken on a new and richer meaning through the insights you have encountered, created in the process of writing.
10. With the ready availability of photocopy machines you should beable to bypass many of the hardships that previous dissertation researchershad to deal with in developing their literature review. When you read somethingthat is important to your study, photocopy the relevant articleor section. Keep your photocopies organized according to categories andsections. And, most importantly, photocopy the bibliographic citation sothat you can easily reference the material in your bibliography. Then, whenyou decide to sit down and actually write the literature review, bring out yourphotocopied sections, put them into logical and sequential order, and thenbegin your writing.
The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions.
The work is part of an ambitious, multi-institute consortium devoted to a fresh approach to cancer study, using materials and techniques common to the physical sciences. The Physical Sciences-Oncology Center (PSOC) initiative involves Arizona State University, in conjunction with 11 other institutions, receiving $22.7 million in initial funding from the National Institutes of Health’s National Cancer Institute.
A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction ; start with the specific purpose and then decide what is the scientific context in which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses.
What you must do is to show how your choice of design and research method is suited to answering your research question(s). Demonstrate that you have given due consideration to the validity and reliability of your chosen method. By “showing” instead of “telling”, you demonstrate that you have understood the practical meaning of these concepts. This way, the method section is not only able to tie the different parts of your thesis together, it also becomes interesting to read!
How much time and space should you devote to the theory chapter? This is a difficult question. Some theses dwell too long on theory and never get to the main point: the analysis and discussion. But it is also important to have read enough theory to know what to look for when collecting data. The nature of your research should decide: Some studies do not require much theory, but put more emphasis on the method, while other studies need a rich theory section to enable an interesting discussion.
Not all theses have a separate theory section. In the the theory section is included in the introduction, and the second chapter covers the methods used.
Once the scientific context is decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin.
The theory used in an empirical study is meant to shed light on the data in a scholarly or scientific manner. It should give insights not achievable by ordinary, everyday reflections. The main purpose of using theory is to analyse and interpret your data. Therefore, you should not present theoretical perspectives that are not being put to use. Doing so will create false expectations, and suggests that your work is incomplete.
Paul Davies, director of the BEYOND Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science at ASU, and Director for the new Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology, says that physicists are very good at thinking about complex problems and cutting through the complexities to get to the heart of the matter; to discover the deep principals that make something tick. Those characteristics make them a good fit for a fresh approach to cancer research.
One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner.