E. Chlorotica is a true . Scientists have found that when it eats the algae, by some unknown process, it able to steal the genes from algae and can incorporate it in its own DNA. This gives it an ability to maintain the chloroplast cells by supplying them with the right proteins, and perform real photosynthesis in its own body. Without the gene theft, it wouldn’t have been possible for E. Chlorotica to live off solar energy for the whole life-time (around 1 year).
All living organisms need food. The basic difference between plants and animals is that plants make their own food, while animals obtain food from their environment. Through photosynthesis, plants manufacture organic materials (food) from inorganic materials (water, carbon dioxide, and nutrients) using sunlight as their source of energy. Because plants make their own food, they are called producers. Animals are known as consumers. They gather and consume organic material rather than making it themselves. Herbivores are animals that eat plants; carnivores are animals that eat meat. Omnivores are animals that eat both plants and other animals. Scavengers eat all the leftovers and other dead organisms. No matter what an animal eats, all of its food can be traced back to the ability of plants to produce organic materials from the sun.
There are two general types of plants found in the ocean, those having roots that are attached to the ocean bottom and those not having roots which simply drift about with the water. The rooted plants in the ocean are only found in shallow water because there is not enough sunlight to sustain photosynthesis in deeper waters. Since sunlight does not penetrate more than a few hundred feet into the ocean, most of the ocean is not capable of supporting rooted plants. Nevertheless, plants are found throughout most of the oceanic surface waters.