The vertebral spurs that form aroundthese individually injured or weakened disks are betterconsidered separately and are not included within thegeneralized condition of spondylosis deformans.
Not many dog owners know this, but chiropractic can help dogs in much the same way that it can help people. Like people, dog bodies are controlled by their central nervous system. By treating various parts of the central nervous system, chiropractic can help conditions that cause joint pain, muscle pain, stiffness and tenderness. For dogs with the condition known as spondylosis deformans, chiropractic can help relieve pain, increase range of motion and improve quality of life.
Chiropractic treatments are an excellent alternative to pain medication, which can be dangerous or even life-threatening if administered incorrectly. While the typical medical treatment for severe spondylosis is expensive and invasive surgery, chiropractic treatments can help keep your dog happy and relatively comfortable with a method that is natural and safe.
In fact, pet owners often remark that their pets seem more relaxed and even drowsy after chiropractic adjustments, because they feel good. For an animal living with a degenerative condition like spondylosis, this is a powerful improvement, and it can heartening for pet owners who want their pets to be happy.
() Most reports have indicated equaloccurrence of spondylosis deformans in both sexes,() although a higher incidence hasbeen reported in both males,() andfemales.() It has been proposed that thereis a predisposition in the boxer() and in the larger breeds;() however, it must beappreciated that the osteophytes will be larger in larger breedsand thus will be more easily identified.
61-2 Lateral osteophytes (arrow) of spondylosisdeformans are visible on a ventrodorsal view of a dog's lumbarspine Lateral osteophytes can be mistaken for a calcified orherniated disk on a lateral radiographic view of the spine.
The factthat the growing osteophyte may cause no clinical signs wasdemonstrated by Morganl () when hereradiographed 22 dogs with spondylosis deformans and showedgrowth of osteophytes that were present on the first examinationand/or formation of new osteophytes in 15 of the 22 dogs.
Thefindings of Morgan () strongly suggestedthat changes in the anulus fibrosus were far more important inthe pathogenesis of spondylosis deformans than changes in thenucleus pulposus.
() NUCLEUS PULPOSUS The nucleus pulposus does not seemto play as important a role in the pathogenesis of spondylosisdeformans as the anulus fibrosus.
Thus, every one of these patients who isradiographed will offer the clinician the opportunity to assumethat the cause of the clinical signs may be the very prominentbony spurs of spondylosis deformans.
The following problem thus exists: Alldogs and cats will develop spondylosis deformans if they livelong enough, since they all will develop degenerative diskdisease.
Vertebralosteophytes also present secondarily to instability of theintervertebral disk space due to diseases other thandegenerative disk disease, including disk fenestration, previousvertebral fracture or dislocation, congenital anomaly of thevertebrae, spondylitis, and spondylolisthesis.
Clinical significance has beenattributed to spondylosis deformans from the time of the earlyresearch and has been encouraged by the high incidence of easilydetected bony osteophytes that have been noted radiographicallyin patients who have shown clinical signs of musculoskeletal orneurologic disease.
Additional insight into the pathophysiology of spondylosisdeformans is gained by observing vertebral osteophyte formationin patients with disk fenestration, fracture/luxation injurieswith disk involvement, diskospondylitis, and congenitalvertebrae in which instability of the intervertebral disks wasevident.
Grade 1 spondylolithesis L5-S1
Phase 1: pain management, and muscular reeducation/co-contraction for abdominals and multifidi.
Phase 2: dynamic activities in extension and rotation while maintaining correct bracing posture.
Phase 3: addition of weights and levers to the exercises concentrating on maintaining correct stabilization.
Each phase consisted of 4 visits in 2 weeks.