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Influence of the thermocatalytical synthesis on the formation of the porous structure and the properties of microporous carbon wood-based materials was shown. It was found that increase of activation temperature and addition ratio of alkali activator can be used to control not only total pore volume, but also micropore and mesopore proportion. The results of tests on the synthesized carbon materials as electrodes in supercapacitors are shown, as well as the influence of properties of the porous structure of carbon materials on working characteristics of electrodes. It was shown that the increase of activation temperature from 600 °C to 800 °C led to an increased proportion of mesopores in the porous structure; this negatively influencen the cell capacity of the supercapacitor. It was found that the most feasible way of production of activated cabons for the use as electrodes in supercapacitors with sulphuric acid-based electrolyte is low-temperature activation.
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It has been shown that some experimental variables have great influences on the
porosity of the activated carbons prepared by chemical activation: nature of the metal
hydroxide, nature of the inert gas, the mass ratio activating agent/CNFs, activation
temperature and time, and the inert gas flow rate during the carbonization.
This macshell charcoal was carbonized at 950°C, reacted with oxygen dissolved in flowing hot liquid water at 100 bar and temperatures between 100 and 200°C, and carbonized again at 950°C to produce an activated carbon.