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Synthesis and Application of Glycopeptide and Glycoprotein Mimetics.

Peptides are available in milligram to gram quantities, and a range of purities from crude peptides to >98%. Peptides are routinely synthesised from 2 up to 60 amino acids in length, but depending on sequence longer peptides can be synthesised.

Although considerable effort has been devoted to developing Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists, important questions related to ligand specificity, and identification of intracellular targets remain unanswered. In order to begin addressing these issues, the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a novel biotinylated macrocycle are reported that bears biotin functionality at a C-terminal rather than the traditional N-terminal position. With a Grb2 SH2 domain-binding Keq value of 3.4 nM, the title macrocycle (5) is among the most potent biotinylated SH2 domain-binding ligands yet disclosed. This should be a useful tool for elucidating physiological targets of certain Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists.

T1 - Synthesis and biological activity of a biotinylated vasopressin analog

Design and Synthesis of Triazole-Based Peptide Dendrimers.

Synthesis of Peptide-Based Polymers by Microwave-Assisted Cycloaddition Backbone Polymerization.

N2 - Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates calcium, phosphorous and skeletal homeostasis via interaction with the G protein-coupled PTH/PTHrP receptor, which is fully activated by the amino-terminal 34 amino-acid portion of the hormone. Recent evidence points to the existence of another class of receptors for PTH that recognize the carboxyl (C)-terminal region of intact PTH (1-84) (CPTHRs) and are highly expressed by osteocytes. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of two novel bifunctional CPTH ligands that include benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa) substitutions near their amino-termini and carboxyl-terminal biotin moieties, as well as a tyrosine34 substitution to enable radioiodination. These peptides are shown to bind to CPTHRs with affinity similar to that of PTH (1-84) and to be specifically and covalently crosslinked to CPTHRs upon exposure to ultraviolet light. Crosslinking to osteocytes or osteoblastic cells generates complexes of 80 and 220 kDa, of which the larger form represents an aggregate that can be resolved into the 80 kDa. The crosslinked products can be further purified using immunoaffinity and avidin-based affinity procedures. While the molecular structure of the CPTHR(s) remains undefined, these bifunctional ligands represent powerful new tools for use in isolating and characterizing CPTHR protein(s).

N2 - Labeled peptides synthesized by core facilities are frequently used by researchers for following trafficking of a peptide, for binding studies, to determine substrate specificity, and for receptor cross-linking studies. The membership of the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities was asked to participate in a study focusing on synthesis of a biotin-labeled peptide, and it was suggested that a new strategy, using Rink amide 4-methylbenzhydrylamine resin coupled with Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH, be used. This strategy can be used for addition of a variety of labels other than biotin and should prove useful to core facilities. Comparison of the new strategy to other strategies was performed. Biotin labeling has long been assumed to be routine and specific. Despite the assumed routine nature of synthesizing biotinylated peptides, 9 of the 34 samples submitted did not contain any of the correct product. Although synthesis using Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH plus biotin generally gave the highest yields, other approaches also yielded a high percentage of the correct product. Therefore, the various strategies are generally comparable. The major advantage of this new approach is that other labels such as fluorescein, dansyl groups, methyl coumarin, and potentially fluorophores and quenchers used for fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) can be directly incorporated into peptides.

M., Solid-phase synthesis of C-terminally modified peptides.

AB - Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates calcium, phosphorous and skeletal homeostasis via interaction with the G protein-coupled PTH/PTHrP receptor, which is fully activated by the amino-terminal 34 amino-acid portion of the hormone. Recent evidence points to the existence of another class of receptors for PTH that recognize the carboxyl (C)-terminal region of intact PTH (1-84) (CPTHRs) and are highly expressed by osteocytes. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of two novel bifunctional CPTH ligands that include benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa) substitutions near their amino-termini and carboxyl-terminal biotin moieties, as well as a tyrosine34 substitution to enable radioiodination. These peptides are shown to bind to CPTHRs with affinity similar to that of PTH (1-84) and to be specifically and covalently crosslinked to CPTHRs upon exposure to ultraviolet light. Crosslinking to osteocytes or osteoblastic cells generates complexes of 80 and 220 kDa, of which the larger form represents an aggregate that can be resolved into the 80 kDa. The crosslinked products can be further purified using immunoaffinity and avidin-based affinity procedures. While the molecular structure of the CPTHR(s) remains undefined, these bifunctional ligands represent powerful new tools for use in isolating and characterizing CPTHR protein(s).

Synthesis, Characterisation and Chiroptical Properties of 'Click'able Polyisocyanopeptides.

N2 - Although considerable effort has been devoted to developing Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists, important questions related to ligand specificity, and identification of intracellular targets remain unanswered. In order to begin addressing these issues, the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a novel biotinylated macrocycle are reported that bears biotin functionality at a C-terminal rather than the traditional N-terminal position. With a Grb2 SH2 domain-binding Keq value of 3.4 nM, the title macrocycle (5) is among the most potent biotinylated SH2 domain-binding ligands yet disclosed. This should be a useful tool for elucidating physiological targets of certain Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists.

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T., Chemoenzymatic synthesis of triazole-linked glycopeptides.


H., His6 tag-assisted chemical protein synthesis.

Labeled peptides synthesized by core facilities are frequently used by researchers for following trafficking of a peptide, for binding studies, to determine substrate specificity, and for receptor cross-linking studies. The membership of the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities was asked to participate in a study focusing on synthesis of a biotin-labeled peptide, and it was suggested that a new strategy, using Rink amide 4-methylbenzhydrylamine resin coupled with Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH, be used. This strategy can be used for addition of a variety of labels other than biotin and should prove useful to core facilities. Comparison of the new strategy to other strategies was performed. Biotin labeling has long been assumed to be routine and specific. Despite the assumed routine nature of synthesizing biotinylated peptides, 9 of the 34 samples submitted did not contain any of the correct product. Although synthesis using Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH plus biotin generally gave the highest yields, other approaches also yielded a high percentage of the correct product. Therefore, the various strategies are generally comparable. The major advantage of this new approach is that other labels such as fluorescein, dansyl groups, methyl coumarin, and potentially fluorophores and quenchers used for fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) can be directly incorporated into peptides.

Peptide Synthesis - Peptide Protein Research (PPR Ltd)

T1 - Synthesis and characterization of novel biotinylated carboxyl-terminal parathyroid hormone peptides that specifically crosslink to the CPTH-receptor

Custom synthesis of synthetic peptides and peptide based molecules

AB - Although considerable effort has been devoted to developing Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists, important questions related to ligand specificity, and identification of intracellular targets remain unanswered. In order to begin addressing these issues, the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a novel biotinylated macrocycle are reported that bears biotin functionality at a C-terminal rather than the traditional N-terminal position. With a Grb2 SH2 domain-binding Keq value of 3.4 nM, the title macrocycle (5) is among the most potent biotinylated SH2 domain-binding ligands yet disclosed. This should be a useful tool for elucidating physiological targets of certain Grb2 SH2 domain-binding antagonists.

SCB core provides custom peptides synthesis to investigators

AB - Labeled peptides synthesized by core facilities are frequently used by researchers for following trafficking of a peptide, for binding studies, to determine substrate specificity, and for receptor cross-linking studies. The membership of the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities was asked to participate in a study focusing on synthesis of a biotin-labeled peptide, and it was suggested that a new strategy, using Rink amide 4-methylbenzhydrylamine resin coupled with Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH, be used. This strategy can be used for addition of a variety of labels other than biotin and should prove useful to core facilities. Comparison of the new strategy to other strategies was performed. Biotin labeling has long been assumed to be routine and specific. Despite the assumed routine nature of synthesizing biotinylated peptides, 9 of the 34 samples submitted did not contain any of the correct product. Although synthesis using Fmoc-Lys(Dde)-OH plus biotin generally gave the highest yields, other approaches also yielded a high percentage of the correct product. Therefore, the various strategies are generally comparable. The major advantage of this new approach is that other labels such as fluorescein, dansyl groups, methyl coumarin, and potentially fluorophores and quenchers used for fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) can be directly incorporated into peptides.

Histone H4 - Synthetic Biotinylated Peptides - JPT Peptides

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates calcium, phosphorous and skeletal homeostasis via interaction with the G protein-coupled PTH/PTHrP receptor, which is fully activated by the amino-terminal 34 amino-acid portion of the hormone. Recent evidence points to the existence of another class of receptors for PTH that recognize the carboxyl (C)-terminal region of intact PTH (1-84) (CPTHRs) and are highly expressed by osteocytes. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of two novel bifunctional CPTH ligands that include benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa) substitutions near their amino-termini and carboxyl-terminal biotin moieties, as well as a tyrosine34 substitution to enable radioiodination. These peptides are shown to bind to CPTHRs with affinity similar to that of PTH (1-84) and to be specifically and covalently crosslinked to CPTHRs upon exposure to ultraviolet light. Crosslinking to osteocytes or osteoblastic cells generates complexes of 80 and 220 kDa, of which the larger form represents an aggregate that can be resolved into the 80 kDa. The crosslinked products can be further purified using immunoaffinity and avidin-based affinity procedures. While the molecular structure of the CPTHR(s) remains undefined, these bifunctional ligands represent powerful new tools for use in isolating and characterizing CPTHR protein(s).

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