He worked against the Vietnam War and for Black civil rights, was a leader in the Columbia University student strike and Students for a Democratic Society, and was a member of the Weather Underground Organization.
When Eric David Harris and Dylan Bennett Klebold opened fire inside Columbine High School on April 20, 1999, injuring 24, and killing 13 (including themselves), they were simply displaying the unfortunate 'symptom' of their 'disease'- a deeply-rooted lack of emotional literacy.
Monday evening, February 5, 1968, John Stroman, a strong-willed,league-bowler from Savannah now attending the college, and several of hisclassmates went to the bowling alley, just five blocks from the campus, and sawthat Harry had changed his sign to: "Privately Owned." To Johnand the students, the sign meant the same thing. They entered the bowlingalley from a back door and about 40 of them got in before Harry was able tolock the door. He tried to keep John in the rear of the building, butJohn walked past Harry to the snack bar, where he was refused service. Harry called the police to have the students arrested for trespassing. When Orangeburg Police Chief Roger Poston arrived, he saw how volatile thesituation could become and ordered the bowling alley closed for thenight. It was closed and the students returned to their dorm rooms,vowing to continue their desegregation efforts. On Tuesday the OrangeburgCity Council sided with Harry, saying he had more right to choose his customersthan the students claim of the right to be served. That night, John ledanother group of students to the All Star Bowling Lanes where they met up with20 law enforcement officers, some carrying riot batons, and the doors to thebowling alley locked. Chief Poston and the chief of the State LawEnforcement Division (SLED, which reports directly to Governor Robert E.
On this infamous day in history, two Columbine high school students fatally shot 12 of their peers, one teacher, and wounded 24 others before they took there own lives.
"Pete" Strom explained to John that Harry had the rightto file trespass charges against the students if they refused his request toleave. John told the 30-plus students of their rights and they were thenallowed into the bowling alley. The students lounged about for 25 minutesbefore Harry asked them to leave. John told the co-eds and anybody who didn'twant to get arrested to leave the bowling alley. Half of the studentsleft, the others were arrested. As the arrested students were being ledoutside to the patrol cars, one of the students in the crowd cursed anofficer. He was arrested as well. Other students began to protestthis latest arrest and one of them ran back to the campus to recruit morestudents to come to the bowling alley. A throng of students left thecampus and headed to the bowling alley.
The children were between six and 14-years-old. They transferred their charges to two vans and drove them 100 miles north to aquarry. The quarry was on land owned by the Woods family inLivermore. At the quarry, the children and bus driver to a differentvehicle, it was into a movingvan that had at the quarrysince November 1975. The trio of hijackers, all scions of wealthy SanFrancisco Peninsula families, began working on a $5 million ransom. After16 hours in the 8 x van,55-year-old bus driver Ed Ray and a couple of the older boys began to dig theirway out of the van and go for help. They in a remote area near the Shadow Cliffs East Bay RegionalPark. They were taken to the Santa Rita Rehabilitation Center for brieftreatment and then safely returned to Chowchilla under police escort on Fridaymorning. Richard, 22, turned himself into the police on July 23 and washeld $1 million bail. His 24-year-old brother James was captured by the police on July 29 in MenloPark while he was preparing to surrender. Frederick was also captured onJuly 29, even though he was in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, at thetime. On November 10, the trial of the trio from Madera County to Alameda County. Just over ayear later, on July 25, 1977, the trio pled guilty to 27 counts of kidnappingfor ransom. The prosecution dropped 18 counts of robbery. OnDecember 15, 1977, the trio was found guilty on three counts of kidnapping withbodily harm and sentenced to life in prison. In 1993, a TV movie airedcalled starringTim Ransom as Frederick, Travis Fine as Rick, Tom Hodges as James and KarlMalden as the bus driver. For a 20-year perspective of theChowchilla kidnapping, check out the s story"Buried Memories" from July 14, 1996. Ed Ray died on May 17, at the age of 91, from complications ofcirrhosis of the liver. At the time of his death, Frederick, and Richard were still behind bars. On Wednesday, June 20, 2012, Richard from prison on parole. He is now living with his motherand is 24hours a day.
Campbell was unable to keep himalive. He died at 11:30 p.m., not even an hour away from beingshot. Delano was in another emergency room. He was calling for hismother and she was called in. She came to the hospital with her other sonand they stood by Delano until he died at 1:10 Friday morning. Suddenhemorrhaging in his neck and shoulder wounds ended Henry's life at 1:45a.m. Louise Kelly Cawley was outside Lowman Hall when the police openedfire on the students of South Carolina State College. She wasn't injuredand when the shooting stopped she helped the injured students get to theinfirmary. She made three trips to the hospital and on her way back tothe college, she was stopped by Orangeburg policemen. The officers triedto force her into their car but she resisted, fearing for her life over whathad already happened. The officers pummeled her and sprayed a chemical inher face. Another female student told the officers they could be introuble for attacking a pregnant woman. The officers then took Louise tothe hospital where she came in crying and screaming, "I've beenbeaten." over and over again. A week later Louise had a miscarriage. After being treated for his wound, Cleveland Sellers, police called him thechief agitator, was taken from the hospital by Orangeburg County Sheriff RobertDukes. He was taken to the courthouse where Sheriff Dukes and ChiefsStrom and Poston agreed on these charges: arson, inciting to riot, assault andbattery with intent to kill, destruction of personal property, damaging realproperty, housebreaking and grand larceny. Bond was set at $50,000 beforehe was taken to the state penitentiary in Columbia. In the morning,National Guardsmen patrolled the city in wide-tracked armored personnelcarriers and Harry Floyd still kept the blacks out of his bowling alley. On Thursday, February 22, 1968, United States Judge J.
The night climaxed when thepolice pulled out their riot batons and began to club the out of control throngof students. The police officers didn't discriminate as they clubbedmales and females alike. The students retreated down the streets and the had to reign in their officers to keepthem on the scene and not chase the students. As the students walked thefive blocks back to their college, they threw rocks, bricks and anything elsethey could find at the white-owned businesses along the street. Theinjured students made their way to the college's infirmary where the on dutynurse called the doctor to have him meet her at Orangeburg Regional Hospital. Eight students were admitted at the hospital and another eight students spentthe night at the infirmary. The white patrons of Harry's All Star BowlingLanes bowled all night long without interruption. Cleveland Sellers(national program secretary of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC)), John, Oscar, the student body presidents of both colleges and a fewmore students met at Professor Roland Haynes's home (faculty advisor to thestudent NAACP chapter) and planned a peaceful march to the mayor's office thenext day. Later that evening, Governor McNair ordered 250 NationalGuardsmen to report for standby duty. On Wednesday, several meetings wereheld at city hall and at the college. The only thing that was definitivelyaccomplished in all of these meetings was that Harry agreed to close thebowling alley for the night. Hundreds of National Guardsmen and highwaypatrolmen were sent to Orangeburg to maintain order. That night studentsthrew rocks, bricks, coke bottles and more at white motorists as they drovepast the college. Police eventually road blocks and for two more hours the students tried to vent theirfrustration. By 2 a.m.
The dean of the college, Oscar Butler,also went to the bowling alley and talked to Chiefs Strom and Poston. The agreed to release the arrestedstudents into Oscar's care so that they could then persuade the throng ofstudents to return to the campus. Oscar went to the jail and John agreedto the deal. Unfortunately, tensions had risen and 50 more lawenforcement officers had arrived at the bowling alley by the time theyreturned. A fire truck had arrived and the students believed they wouldbe doused with water. Chief Strom, John, Oscar and others were only ableto convince some of the throng to return to the college. The fire truckwas told to leave and as the police provided cover for the truck, the throng ofstudents surged forward toward the doors of the bowling alley. Thestudents tried to remove the door by it's hinges and even kicked out a smallwindow by the door. Chief Strom had arrested Arthur Dodson Jr.
Davis became thefirst blacks to bowl a game at the All Star Bowling Lanes. Charges werefiled by the FBI against the nine law enforcement officials who fired on thestudents, but a federal grand jury declined to indict them. The troopersclaim the students fired first, but no spent shell casings were ever found nearthe bonfire. Federal prosecutors attempted a trial and just over a yearlater, but a jury of 10 whites and two blacks acquitted all nine of the lawenforcement officials, saying they acted in self defense. The trial ofCleveland Sellers began on September 24, 1970 in Orangeburg. The previouscharges had been reduced to three counts of rioting. His jury, ninewhites and three blacks, found him guilty of inciting a riot. He wassentenced to one year in prison and to pay a $250 fine.