Ideally, you will already have much of the hard work done, if you have been keeping up with the literature as you vowed to do three years ago, and if you have made notes about important papers over the years.
Efsthatiou-Lavabre [.pdf]Interrogating the Devil: Social and Demonic Pressure in The Witch of Edmonton - David NicolStaging Passion in Ford's The Lover's Melancholy - Lisa HopkinsAlgernon Swinburne on John FordKatherine Gordon and the Art of Marriage Brokering in Perkin Warbeck - Corinne AbateJohn Ford's Artistic Exploitation of the Sources of Perkin Warbeck - I-Lu TENG [.pdf]A Scholar Recants on His 'Shakespeare' Discovery - William S.
A Case Study on How an Experienced Fulbright Teacher of English Helped her Students to Develop Communicative, Meaning Making and Cultural Awareness in a TEFL Literature Classroom at METU High School in Ankara, Turkey.
Differences in Test Question Preferences Between Literature Teachers in English Language and Literature and English Language Teaching Departments in Turkish Higher Education.
- Harlan Wilson
- Paul Ulrich
- Theodore Christov
- Jeremy Mhire
- Laura Reagan
- Jamie Mayerfeld
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- Thamy Pogrebinschi
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- Benjamin McKean
- David Dyzenhaus
- Halima Khan [.pdf]
- Peter J.
The main feedback given to the student who wrote this outline was to add to a brief introductory section which explained the context and importance of the research question, mentioned the key terms, conveyed the thesis statement, and provided a general outline of the literature review. Also, please provide approx. word counts rather than # of pages.
Perhaps the best way to communicate your anticipated structure for a literature review is by developing a table of contents. A table of contents can then be fleshed out with descriptive bullet-points (annotated table of contents). By subjecting an annotated table of contents (or outline) to review, a novice researcher can receive valuable advice on content and structure of the planned literature review.
8. Read through someone else's research proposal. Very oftena real stumbling block is that we don't have an image in our mind of whatthe finished research proposal should look like. How has the other proposalbeen organized? What are the headings that have been used? Does the otherproposal seem clear? Does it seem to suggest that the writer knows thesubject area? Can I model my proposal after one of the ones thatI've seen? If you can't readily find a proposal or two to look at, askyour adviser to see some. Chances are your adviser has a file drawer filled withthem.
9. Make sure your proposal has a comprehensive review of the literatureincluded. Now this idea, at first thought, may not seem to make sense.I have heard many students tell me that "This is only the proposal.I'll do a complete literature search for the dissertation. I don't wantto waste the time now." But, this is the time to do it. The rationalebehind the literature review consists of an argument with two lines of analysis: 1) this research is needed, and 2) the methodology I have chosen is most appropriate for the question that is being asked. Now, why would you want to wait? Now is the time to get informed and to learn from others who havepreceded you! If you wait until you are writing the dissertation it is toolate. You've got to do it some time so you might as well get on with itand do it now. Plus, you will probably want to add to the literature reviewwhen you're writing the final dissertation.
As your reading of the literature becomes more extensive, you should start to notice themes and patterns emerging. There may be obvious themes and there may be subtle themes which require you to probe further into the literature.
10. With the ready availability of photocopy machines you should beable to bypass many of the hardships that previous dissertation researchershad to deal with in developing their literature review. When you read somethingthat is important to your study, photocopy the relevant articleor section. Keep your photocopies organized according to categories andsections. And, most importantly, photocopy the bibliographic citation sothat you can easily reference the material in your bibliography. Then, whenyou decide to sit down and actually write the literature review, bring out yourphotocopied sections, put them into logical and sequential order, and thenbegin your writing.
11. What is a proposal anyway? A good proposal should consist of thefirst three chapters of the dissertation. It should begin with a statementof the problem/background information (typically Chapter I of the dissertation),then move on to a review of the literature (Chapter 2), and conclude witha defining of the research methodology (Chapter 3). Of course, it shouldbe written in a future tense since it is a proposal. To turn a good proposalinto the first three chapters of the dissertation consists of changingthe tense from future tense to past tense (from "This is what I wouldlike to do" to "This is what I did") and making any changesbased on the way you actually carried out the research when compared tohow you proposed to do it. Often the intentions we state in our proposalturn out different in reality and we then have to make appropriate editorialchanges to move it from proposal to dissertation.