Brooker, C. et al. (1999) The views of nurses to the conduct of a randomised controlled trial of problem drinkers in an accidents and emergency department. 36:33-39. [The original study that aimed to examine the impact of screening for alcohol problems in a population of A&E attendances was abandoned, attributed to a number of background factors. Instead a series of qualitative interviews were conducted with the nurses. Results found differences between the clinical managers attitude to research compared to those of the nursing team. The initial training programme was also deemed inadequate.]
Give specific training to police to improve their capacity to implement community policing. In addition to basic training related to gender-based violence and survivor-centred responses, topics should include community policing concepts, address attitudes and myths related to survivors (key to improving effective victim identification and engagement), and specifically develop personnel skills in communication, collaborative problem-solving and cooperation. These skills are essential for working in partnership with community members, government and local organizations with experience addressing the issue, and can strengthen police interventions (U.S. Department of Justice, b).
Yates, D.W., Hadfield, J.M., Peters, K. (1987) Alcohol consumption of patients attending two accident and emergency departments in north-west England. 80: 486-489. [Looked at the impact of alcohol use on the workload of tow A&E departments. 13.2% of all patients has a positive blood alcohol concentration, 78% of those attending after midnight and 60% of assaulted patients were inebriated.]
Yates, D.W. et al. (1987) The detection of Problem Drinkers in the Accident and Emergency Department. 82:163-167. [Study to identify characteristics of patients with alcohol related problems. Suggests that a combination of questionnaire and blood alcohol concentration measurement is the most accurate way of identifying these patients. Casualty officers advised to take a brief alcohol history from certain groups of patients.]
Treno, A.J. et al. (1998) Sample selection bias in the emergency room: an examination of the role of alcohol in injury. 93(1):113-129. [Study used injury location, cause and patient drinking patterns to predict blood alcohol content and self reported drinking before injury using emergency room data. Found there were significant selection bias effects and that assaults wee more likely to involve drinking than any other injury types.]
Cherpitel, C.J. (1995) Analysis of cut points for screening instruments for alcohol problems in the emergency room. 56:695-700. [Evaluation of several different alcohol screening instruments. Concluded that standard screening instruments do not perform equally well across ethnic and gender subgroups.]
Cherpitel, C.J. (1994) Alcohol and injuries resulting from Violence: a review of emergency room studies.89:157-165. [Reviews emergency room studies which have found links between alcohol and injuries. Those with violence related injuries were more likely to be admitted with a positive blood alcohol concentration, to report drinking before the event, and to report more frequent heavy drinking than those admitted with injuries from other causes.]
Cherpitel, C.J. (1997a) Alcohol and violence-related injuries in the emergency room. In Galanter, M. (Ed) Plenum press, New York. [Reviews data on estimated blood alcohol concentration, self report and drinking patterns and problems from emergency room studies of alcohol and violence-related injury. Results show those with violence-related injuries were more likely to have a positive BAC. Limitations to those studies are discussed.]
Cherpitel, C.J. (1993c) Alcohol consumption among emergency room patients: comparison of county/community hospitals and an HMO. 54:432-440. [Used data from two different emergency room samples to examine the association between drinking patterns and injury. In both samples injured were more likely to have positive breathalyser readings.]
The Business doctoral program, offered through the Laney Graduate School, provides students the opportunity to pursue one of the following academic areas: Accounting, Finance, Information Systems and Operations Management, Marketing, or Organization & Management. We seek doctoral students with superior intelligence, a strong work ethic, and a desire to take their place on the faculty of the best business schools in the world. Our doctoral program is highly selective and enables a small and closely-knit environment that promotes interaction between students and faculty.
Cherpitel, C.J. (1993b) Alcohol and violence-related injuries: an emergency room study. 88:79-88. [Compared drinking patterns, alcohol-related problems and drinking in the injury event between those admitted to an emergency room with and without injuries resulting form violence. Those with violence related injuries were more likely than those with other injuries to have positive breathalyser readings. Suggests the need for research to test whether a brief intervention at time of ER visit may effect a reduction in alcohol related violence.]
The Cancer Biology Program provides training opportunities in every aspect of cancer research, from basic to translational. This includes molecular and cellular biology, genetics and epigenetics, signal transduction, genetic engineering, nanotechnologies and many other disciplines used to understand the development and progression of cancer.
Cherpitel, C.J. (1993a) Alcohol and injuries: a review of international emergency room studies. . 88:923-937. [Paper reviewing emergency room studies which have focused on the association between alcohol and casualties. Comments on the limitations of ER studies and discusses future directions.]