Animal agriculture is responsible for many negative consequences nowadays, including huge amount of suffering of animals, risks to human health and environmental harms. In order to change this situation and promote less harmful food alternatives (e.g. ), it would be useful to have some estimates about the future ...
With increasing fishing pressure and declining fish catches in the wild stocks, attention is now turned into developing aquaculture systems capable of meeting demand of growing human population. Therefore, there is a need to carry out research on the development of high efficiency and environmental friendly culture technology and identify new species that can be efficiently cultured.
Social and environmental predictors of maternal depression in current and recent welfare recipients.
Siefert, K., Bowman, P.J., Heflin, C. M., Danziger, S. & Williams, D. R. (2000, October). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(4), 510-522.
Depression is highly prevalent in welfare recipients and is associated with failure to move from welfare to work. This paper examines the relationship between social and environmental factors in a large community-based sample of mothers who currently or recently received welfare benefits. Specific and modifiable risk factors related to poverty, gender, and race were found to predict major depression beyond traditional risk factors. Research and practice implications are discussed.
The nature of social work services in a large public medical center serving an impoverished multicultural population .
Subramanian, K. (2000). Social Work in Health Care, 31(2), 47-64.
This paper describes the nature of social work services in a large public medical center serving an impoverished multicultural population. This monitoring evaluation was developed and conducted in a research collaboration between a school of social work and a team of clinical workers, supervisors, and administrators from the social work department of the medical center. The paper includes a description of the development of the assessment instrument as well as the findings, including the categories of sociodemographics, assessments, and services delivered by medical social workers. Conclusions emphasize the degree of anxiety and depression in the patients and their families and the need for clinical social workers to be skilled in the multicultural assessment and treatment of these problems. This need is then put into the context of the current health care climate.
Child care in the wake of welfare reform: The impact of government subsidies on the economic well-being of single-mother families .
Meyers, M. K., Han, W.J., Waldfogel, J. & Garfinkel, I. (2001, March). Social Service Review, 75(1), 29-56.
Using microsimulation techniques to estimate the impact of welfare reform in New York , the authors find that five years after federal and state reforms, child care use and costs will rise substantially and families will bear most of these costs. When family incomes are adjusted for child-care costs, most single-mother families will continue to be poor even with greater earnings, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and food stamps. The distribution of child-care costs between government and families, and the implications for poverty, will depend on the extent to which government subsidizes the child-care costs of single mothers.
Direct cash transfer is a very effective way to help people in extreme poverty. Direct cash transfers improve recipients without increasing their or . However, it could be useful to examine its effect on other variables such as the crime ...
LONDON (AFP) – More than one billion children, half of the world’s population of children, suffer from poverty, violent conflict and the scourge of AIDS, the United Nations Children’s Fund said in its annual report.
New York (CNN/Money)- Poverty and hunger are problems that many Americans relegate to the Third World . But the steady growth of poverty has left millions of American families afraid they won’t have enough money to put food on the table.
“The changing face of poverty-Millions of Americans live in poverty, more families are suffering and hunger is seen growing.”
CNN/Money, December 30, 2004
By Octavio Blanco
Job satisfaction is the job attitude that is likely to have received the greatest attention. Job satisfaction is considered the evaluative reaction that workers have to their jobs and their experiences in their jobs. Given the great magnitude of research on job satisfaction (cf., ), it is not feasible to conduct a review of this research. Existing reviews indicate that job satisfaction can be an important predictor of intentions and performance on a variety of jobs (). There is also an abundant literature indicating that job satisfaction has an impact on intentions, such as turnover intentions, which are related to turnover and other work activities (). Thus, there is good evidence to suggest that job satisfaction might aid an understanding of the prediction of food safety intentions and behaviors.
Mark Rank, professor of social work at Washington University in St. Louis , says the increase in food stamp use mirrors poverty. There were 1.3 million more Americans living in poverty in 2003 than 2002, according to Census statistics.
Delinquency prevention in poor and at-risk African-American youth: A social work practice innovation.
Forster, M. & Rehner, T. (1999). Social Thought, 19(2), 37-52.
Juvenile delinquency is a major social issue today which threatens to become more acute with anticipated demographic shifts and reductions in public support for the poor. Effective strategies for the prevention and reduction of delinquency among poor and at-risk youth are much needed. The Family Network Partnership is a small community-based delinquency prevention program in Hattiesburg , Mississippi . The program joins the city housing authority, the community policing team, the youth cohort, and the local state university in efforts to address delinquency in a local public housing project. The program uses three primary strategies: (1) intervention with youth already involved with the juvenile justice system; (2) skill-building among youth prior to court involvement; and (3) community capacity building. This paper describes the Partnership’s background, principles and program, and outcomes to date. With qualification, the Partnership is offered as a model for replication in similar communities. (This is one of six articles in this special issue on raising children out of poverty.)
Production of Catfish Fingerlings using Artificial Propagation for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Conservation in Lake Victoria Basin, Tanzania.