to encourage entrepreneurship in rural areas, I will focus most of my remarks on finding and motivating entrepreneurs encouraging risktaking and embracing change.
'Partnership and Institution Building as Factors in Rural Development', paper presented at the Sixth Session of the FAO/ECA Working Party on Women and the Agricultural Family in Rural Development, Innsbruck, Austria, 13-16 October.
Such institutions and their collaborative efforts should play a significant role in rural communities/regions where the development strategy of the rural community places entrepreneurship in the centre of economic development.
Specifically, to accelerate economic development in a rural area, it is necessary to increase the supply of entrepreneurs that is to build up the critical mass of first generation entrepreneurs who will take risks and accept the uncertainties of new venture creation and who will by their example stimulate an autonomous entrepreneurial process thereby ensuring continuous rural development.
If it would be difficult for such institutions to be attractive to a rural community, the community leadership must encourage existing institutions to link new start-ups or potential entrepreneurs with such institutions outside the community.
Co-operative Extension System are going to have to change some of the ways we currently do business to be really useful to rural-based entrepreneurship.
International Marketing that is assisting rural communities to better understand the global market place and begin to use computer intelligence from the U.S.A.
We anticipate, however, that the Co-operative Extension System will continue to have a major role in providing information and education to rural entrepreneurs and that our staff may play a broker role in assisting rural-based businesses to link with appropriate public and private sources of financing and strategic planning.
Department of Agriculture (USDA), we are implementing a Presidential initiative in rural development and co-operating in the establishment of a new Rural Development Administration.
'The Potential of Entrepreneurship to Create Income and New Jobs for Rural Women and Families', paper presented at the Fifth Session of the FAO/ECA Working Party on Women and the Agricultural Family in Rural Development, Prague, 2-5 October.
Those of us in the business of identifying and 'developing' entrepreneurs in rural areas must build our programmes upon these human traits associated with successful change.
Therefore, special programmes of assistance (technical and financial) to overcome these constraints should be developed and designed to meet the needs of rural women in order to be able to take an active part in entrepreneurial restructuring of their communities, to start to develop their own ventures, to expand their already existing businesses, or to function as social entrepreneurs since their number today is still below the potential one.
In rural areas, the gender issue is usually a much stronger hindering factor to potential female entrepreneurs than it is in urban areas, their self-esteem and managerial skills being lower when compared to urban women and access to external financial resources more difficult than in urban areas.
Networking between different agencies involved in the promotion of rural development through entrepreneurship, by pooling together different sources and skills, by reaching a greater number of would be entrepreneurs and by assisting a greater number of local entrepreneurial initiatives, can have a much more positive effect on rural development than when each agency is working on its own.
While tradition is important it is nevertheless dangerous to be over-occupied with the past, otherwise the rural community may turn into a nostalgia-driven society.