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The term "Utopia" depicts on an imaginary ideal state.

Darko Suvin summarizes Lem's in the following way: "A time-contraction astronaut returns to a pseudo-utopian conflictless humanity and finds it degenerating into a hedonist anti-utopia" (209). It is possible to agree with this, up to a point; specifically, to the point of "finds" in Suvin's summary. As with , it seems we are once again being confronted by another anti-Utopia. Since Suvin's summary comprises, so far as I have been able to discover, the whole of critical assessments of Lem's , there seems to be an even greater anti-Utopian unanimity of opinion here than as regards Huxley's . Despite this, it is much easier to refute Suvin's somewhat inexplicable anti-Utopian conclusion than to attempt the same with regard to Huxley's novel, and may most easily be accomplished by comparing the two books; an effort that is assisted by the sense that in many respects Lem's book seems to be an answer to Huxley's--a more logically coherent answer at that. (Logical coherence may not always be a valid basis for literary judgment, but for an author of ideas like Huxley it at least seems an appropriate criterion.)

Neither does an inability to find a sure place to stand excuse nihilism in literature; there may, in fact, be no such sure place, that it is only possible to pitch one's stake for a short time, and to make as much sense of things as one can from that limited perspective. And if this is really the best we can achieve, then it is either self-defeating idealism to insist that there is more, or the Russian intelligentsia's moral cowardice to cynically deny what little sure ground there actually is. In one of his more cryptic remarks, Bakhtin notes, "Irony as a form of silence" ( 154). For such a critic, for whom dialogue has the most far-reaching and humanistic implications, the silence of irony as a refusal to enter into (literally a "turning away" from) dialogue has equally far-reaching consequences. Instead of his admirably absurd Utopia, Huxley entered a carping jeremiad into the discourse of Western culture--and few things are sadder than the dreams we cherish, but destroy all the same, because they seem impossible.

Nazi ideology was the key factor in the creation of Hitler’s utopian society.

Dystopia | Category: English Download thesis statement on Utopia Vs.

The Tempest can be thus seen as a window into the dimensions of utopian societies.

Northrop Frye remarks that "[u]topian satire sometimes introduces celibate groups of fanatics by way of parody, as in and in Huxley's " ("Varieties" 35), but it is difficult to sense parody here, and certainly not in (where the Savage is almost the lone celibate fanatic in a world of nymphomania and satyriasis). Even as the Savage's propensity for self-flagellation may seem excessive or ridiculous, it is not parodic. In his Foreword, Huxley notes that at the close of the novel the Savage:

"Overpopulation" and "overconsumption" are the two most excoriated themes of , and it is not difficult to discern behind this the prophet's or arch-moralist's aversion to sex and indulgence; themes that are equally, if less stridently, lambasted in . It is, therefore, not wholly inappropriate to assume that a similar kind of mystical "aversion to the flesh" is at work in Huxley's Utopia.

Utopian Control: The Power of Language

The attitude toward sex expressed here reaches it climax when the Savage's self-flagellation turns outward into assault. Having been vacillating between and with respect to his sexually promiscuous love interest (Lenina Crowne), the Savage finally flees both her and her culturally carnal Utopia and delights in scourging himself with a whip. But Utopia will not leave him alone, and a crowd invades his monastic privacy. Lenina, too, finally shows up and the Savage promptly attacks her; first with Shakespearean words ("strumpet", "fitchew", "fry, lechery, fry"), and then with the whip he uses on himself:

One could describe the novel "The Chrysalids" as a dystopian novel as apposed to utopian.

Huxley's literary career begins with Symbolist poetry and ends with Utopia; in the interim, his writings are marked by virulent sarcasm and cynicism. may well be a pivot point between the exaggerated cynicism of Huxley's earlier writings and the exaggerated mystical idealism of his later writings, and thus provides some justification for re-viewing the apparent satire of in a context of hidden or suppressed and wounded idealism. To do so, however, only strengthens the basis of the assertion that Huxley's novel presents a Utopia; it does not yet provide a demonstration that this is so.

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Thesis on utopia, Mccarthyism and the red scare essays


In the introduction, please define what a utopia and a dystopia is

Consequently, by a combination of psycho-biographical and discourse analysis that examines the monologism, conventions, narration, and hidden polemic of , Huxley's novel is demonstrated to be an official Utopia. By a contrasting and primarily thematic analysis that examines the ubiquitous polylogism of , Lem's novel is demonstrated to be an unofficial Utopia; one that offers the reader the unique opportunity of entering into dialogue with Utopia itself.

A Badass Utopia - Mr. Money Mustache

The comparison, then, of Huxley's and Lem's literary Utopias reveals the artistic, intellectual and moral shortcomings of the former over against the latter; shortcomings that have especially profound social implications (as despair and nihilism) in a genre that is home to the brightest hopes and most cherished dreams of humankind. Lem's novel, by contrast, offers an art of possibilities that nurtures and encourages those hopes and dreams.

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(Asimov gives the examples of the Genesis story of creation and expulsion from the Garden of Eden as an example of the first and the eleventh chapter of Isaiah, which contains the famous line "the lion shall lay down with the calf," as an example of the second.) Utopian literature was first presented in a more scientifically designed (as opposed...

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These are all questions that Thomas More leaves us asking of Raphael Hythloday, the garrulous sailor-philosopher who describes and extols the society of Utopia.

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From his memories of a five-year stay on the island, Raphael conjures up a thorough depiction of the sociopolitical practices of the Utopian way of life, which he proclaims "the happiest basis for a civilized communit...

Native Americans long dominated the vastness of the American West

In Sir Thomas More’s Utopia, the elimination of property and money has all citizens working for the commonwealth and it is “where every man has a right to everything, they all know that if care is taken to keep the public stores full, no private man can want anything; for among them there is no unequal distribution so that no man is poor, none in necessity; and though no man has anything, yet they are all rich” (More 81)....

FREE Thomas More's Utopia Essay - ExampleEssays

He spends a majority of the narrative describing small, unconnected details of the lives of the Utopians, ignoring the lengthy scholastic explanations which are to be expected of a man of his education, and yet through the detail he reveals an expansive and original hypothesis....

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