Hence, the out flow of economically active people from the rural agricultural sector has a negative effect on production in the areas of origin and the receiving area now experiences problems such as a shortage of housing, unemployment, increasing cost of living, lack of access to social services, Therefore, to mitigate the problem of rural-urban migration is launching of integrated rural development policyItems in UNISA Institutional Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Let’s discuss another example that may suggest a different motivation. In the north of the Chocó is a region called Urabá that also spills into the department of Antioquia. In this region between 1996 and 1997, 70% of the population of two Afro-Colombian communities Curvaradó and Jiguamiandó was displaced by paramilitaries and the army (see ). The people were replaced by tropical palm, and by 2005 the palm plantations reached 35,000 hectares. The Inter-Ecclesial Commission of Peace and Justice reported that by 2005, 106 people in the area had been assassinated or were missing, 40,000 people were displaced from their homes; there had been 19 raids and burning of hamlets, and 15 cases of torture.
The success of the Region which today is based on the export oriented small firms, illustrates the entrepreneurial role that government can play in institution building for the provision of services within an industrial district, network, provided by different non-profit seeking organizations ().
The key to the success of the industrial districts of Emilia Romagna is the development of a business concept on a sector level or on the level of a group of firms by combining business ideas, production facilities and management.
The municipality, in order to reduce unemployment, established its first industrial park by purchasing an area of land on the periphery of Modena, thereby laying down its own path to economic development of the Region based on small firms, linked to local industrial networks through sectoral that provided targeted business services to the firms in the network.
It is an example of how state money and local businesses can utilise effectively the technology available in the university engineering departments.
By this the Association helps small firms to overcome the lack of skills that expansion requires, small firms spend the bulk of their time producing a product and therefore need assistance in marketing, business management and development of new products.
The Association has sixthy-five members, businesses making speciality products such as maple candy, cheese, bean sprouts, jams, jellies, mustard, pickles, natural bread and pasta, trout, herbal and fruit vinegars and other good things coming from the garden and the kitchen.
It aims to promote the interests of food producers and processors by providing business, engineering, scientific and marketing assistance to member businesses in the four Western Massachusetts counties.
Last but not least, an agricultural industrial park to house a food processing centre was established, where new businesses could get started with the help of central facilities like a kitchen and packaging and storage space (Daily Hampshire Gazette, 1989).
Several programmes were initiated, for example the US$50 000 programme that combined efforts of technical and marketing programmes for business and which created a fifthy-acre furniture-related industrial park in the city Gardner.
From the viewpoint of rural development the Northern Tier area project aiming to promote the development of small industries in the State of Massachusetts, the case of 'Third Italy' as well as rural development efforts of Nov'na Studio for Rural Development, the private agency in Slovenia, will be presented here.
This organization should act as a planning and brokering organization, bringing together public and private initiative to attain common community goals.
Therefore, it is important to identify or to establish the principal community civic agency, the lead organization responsible for designing and carrying out the development strategy based upon identification of an area's major problems (lack of job opportunities, substandard housing, deteriorated social infrastructure, etc.).
What is crucial is the development of personal and organizational networks which combine otherwise individual efforts into a comprehensive approach to regional development of rural areas.