The next paragraphs in the introduction should cite previous research in this area. It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work. You should then go on to explain why more work was necessary (your work, of course.)
FrameworkSenior research projects in Environmental Sciences have the following elementsin common:The final outcome of this process is a senior thesis that you will completein the spring semester. The goal of the fall semester is thatyou identify a research topic, find a research mentor, formulate a hypothesis,understand the background of your project, develop or adapt appropriatemethods, and summarize the state of your project as a thesis proposal.
Even now, the team of a PhD human and good computer workstation (even an off-net workstation!) could probably max any written intelligence test in existence.
1 Wolfgang Klafki’s concept described general education as being for every one, covering a wide variety of topics and skills and helping with the solution to key problems (e.g. understanding complicated issues). Klafki said that the three central aspects (skills) of education are self-determination (envelops the unique and personal relationships as well as distinctions between people and variations in the handling of vocational, ethical and religious situations), co-determination (the ability to participate and understand in society and politics) and solidarity (the accumulation of the other two skills is only true when a person tries to stand up for the rights of everyone).
REST provides a hybrid of all three options by focusing on a shared understanding of data types with metadata, but limiting the scope of what is revealed to a standardized interface. REST components communicate by transferring a representation of a resource in a format matching one of an evolving set of standard data types, selected dynamically based on the capabilities or desires of the recipient and the nature of the resource. Whether the representation is in the same format as the raw source, or is derived from the source, remains hidden behind the interface. The benefits of the mobile object style are approximated by sending a representation that consists of instructions in the standard data format of an encapsulated rendering engine (e.g., Java ). REST therefore gains the separation of concerns of the client-server style without the server scalability problem, allows information hiding through a generic interface to enable encapsulation and evolution of services, and provides for a diverse set of functionality through downloadable feature-engines.
At the heart of the underdetermination of scientific theory byevidence is the simple idea that the evidence available to us at agiven time may be insufficient to determine what beliefs we shouldhold in response to it. In a textbook example, if all I know is thatyou spent $10 on apples and oranges and that apples cost $1 whileoranges cost $2, then I know that you did not buy six oranges, but Ido not know whether you bought one orange and eight apples, twooranges and six apples, and so on. A simple scientific example can befound in the rationale behind the sensible methodological adage that“correlation does not imply causation”. If watching lotsof cartoons causes children to be more violent in their playgroundbehavior, then we should (barring complications) expect to find acorrelation between levels of cartoon viewing and violent playgroundbehavior. But that is also what we would expect to find ifchildren who are prone to violence tend to enjoy and seek out cartoonsmore than other children, or if propensities to violence and increasedcartoon viewing are both caused by some third factor (like generalparental neglect or excessive consumption of Twinkies). So a highcorrelation between cartoon viewing and violent playground behavior isevidence that (by itself) simply underdetermines what weshould believe about the causal relationship between the two. But itturns out that this simple and familiar predicament only scratches thesurface of the various ways in which problems of underdeterminationcan arise in the course of scientific investigation.
The organization is currently in the process of conceptualizing programs for a variety of target audiences. As a Mozilla community activist and open ethos cheerleader, I2 have taken on this research to support Mozilla in their Webmaker Initiative. This thesis will be provided to help Mozilla reach their goal of creating ten million webmakers by outlining a scalable model and sample content structure for training adults in web literacies and how to teach them.
This guide gives simple and practical advice onthe problems of getting started, getting organised, dividing thehuge task into less formidable pieces and working on those pieces.
I am suggesting that we recognize that in network and interface research there is something as profound (and potential wild) as Artificial Intelligence.
Each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Option 1, the traditional client-server style , allows all information about the true nature of the data to remain hidden within the sender, preventing assumptions from being made about the data structure and making client implementation easier. However, it also severely restricts the functionality of the recipient and places most of the processing load on the sender, leading to scalability problems. Option 2, the mobile object style , provides information hiding while enabling specialized processing of the data via its unique rendering engine, but limits the functionality of the recipient to what is anticipated within that engine and may vastly increase the amount of data transferred. Option 3 allows the sender to remain simple and scalable while minimizing the bytes transferred, but loses the advantages of information hiding and requires that both sender and recipient understand the same data types.
Considering all the bizarreness of higher dimensional hill-climbing problems (and the neat algorithms that have been devised for their solution), there could be some very interesting displays and control tools provided to the human team member.
Moreover, such differences in the character and strength of variousclaims of underdetermination turn out to be crucial for resolving thesignificance of the issue. For example, in some recently influentialdiscussions of science it has become commonplace for scholars in awide variety of academic disciplines to make casual appeal to claimsof underdetermination (especially of the holist variety) to supportthe idea that something besides evidence must step in to dothe further work of determining beliefs and/or changes of belief inscientific contexts: perhaps most prominent among these are adherentsof the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) movement and somefeminist science critics who have argued that it is typically thesociopolitical interests and/or pursuit of power and influence byscientists themselves which play a crucial and even decisive role indetermining which beliefs are actually abandoned or retained inresponse to conflicting evidence. As we will see in Section 2.2,however, Larry Laudan has argued that such claims depend upon simpleequivocation between the comparatively weak or trivial forms ofunderdetermination that their partisans have managed to establish andthe far stronger forms from which they draw radical conclusions aboutthe limited reach of evidence and rationality in science. In thesections that follow we will seek to clearly characterize anddistinguish the various forms of both holist and contrastiveunderdetermination that have been suggested to arise in scientificcontexts (noting some important connections between them along theway), assess the strength and significance of the heterogeneousargumentative considerations offered in support of and against them,and consider just which forms of underdetermination pose genuinelyconsequential challenges for scientific inquiry.
Once you and your adviser have agreed on a logical structure, s/he will need a copy of this outline for reference when reading the chapters which you will probably present out of order.