Based on genetic evidence, phytyl diphosphate is supplied to the tocopherol biosynthetic pathway primarily by chlorophyll degradation and sequential phytol phosphorylation (Zhang W et al., Plant Physiol 2014, 166, 70).
More particularly, the present invention provides and includes nucleic acid molecules and proteins associated with genes that encode polypeptides associated with the tocopherol biosynthesis pathway.
of the antioxidant properties of tocopherols ().
First synthesis of linoleic acid ()
Kurz H used ethyl alcohol to derivatize fatty acids (FA ethyl esters) beforetheir analysis ().
First data on cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism after using an isotope of hydrogen(deuterium) in mice and chicks ().
Using deuterated acetate, Sonderhoff R et al. have shown that it serves asa precursor for sterols including ergosterol in yeast ().
Paul Karrer received the
synthetic vitamin E (DL-Î±-tocopherol) in feed on Î±-tocopherol levels, stereoisomer distribution, oxidative stress and the immune response in piglets.
In addition, the present invention includes methods for the production of products from the tocopherol biosynthesis pathway as well as in production of plants that are drought resistant.