As with all patients who have undergone valve replacements, these patients should be monitored for pulmonary valve efficiency.
Most surgically implanted valves will last 10-20 years before they wear out, become obstructed, or lose efficiency.
The ideal replacement valve offers excellent valve function and works in coordination with the entire circulatory system to protect each part from damage. Your medical professional may refer to this as “excellent hemodynamic performance.”
Tissue valves are created from animal donors’ valves or other animal tissue that's strong and flexible. Tissue valves can last 10-20 years, and usually don't require the long-term use of medication. For a young person with a tissue valve replacement, the need for additional surgery or another valve replacement later in life is highly likely.
These valves are made of strong durable materials. They are the most long-lasting type of replacement valve, and most of these manufactured valves will last throughout the remainder of the patients’ lifetime.
The pulmonary valve and lower portion of the pulmonary artery are replaced by a pulmonary homograft (transplanted from another human being) or a porcine (pig) bioprosthesis.
Pulmonary valve replacements are usually performed without significant risk and result in the decrease in symptoms as well as improved right ventricular function.