This quote shows that photosynthesis is the most essential part of the exchange between humans and plants because it produces all the resources we need.
The word equation for photosynthesis is: Light [IMAGE]Carbon Dioxide + Water Glucose + Oxygen Chlorophyll Although most of the glucose produced is converted into insoluble starch for storage in the stem, leaves or roots, some is used immediately by the plant to provide via respiration....
Furthermore, I predict that if the light intensity increases, the rate of photosynthesis will increase at a proportional rate and more oxygen will be produced and therefore the oxygen levels will increase.
The process of photosynthesis is two-part. First, there are the light reactions, where light is converted into chemical energy (a reduced electron carrier and ATP). This occurs in the thylakoids (stacked membranes) of the chloroplasts. The ATP and electron carriers are then used in a second set of reactions, called the light-independent reactions. This also occurs in the chloroplasts, but in an area called the stroma. In this case, carbon dioxide gets used to produce sugars in a series of reactions called the Calvin Cycle, C4 photosynthesis, and crassulacean acid metabolism. You can look in any basic bio textbook to see how much "energy" or "sugar" is produced in each step of the process.
It will be very interesting to see how light will influence the rate of photosynthesis in plants and what will happen if they do not get the required light in order to produce starch .
The dark reaction is a cyclic reaction in that it ends up producing part of what it actually used -- as in recycling an aluminum can after drinking the soda.
The dark reaction occurs in the stroma of the chloroplast which is the fluid outside of the thylakoids.
Photosynthetic organisms use energy from sunlight to synthesize their own fuels. They can convert harvested sunlight into chemical energy (including ATP) to then drive the synthesis of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water. When they synthesize the carbohydrates, oxygen gets released. Globally, more than 10 billion tons of carbon is "fixed" by plants every year - this means that carbon molecules are converted from being part of a simple gas (carbon dioxide) into more complex, reduced molecules (carbohydrates), making carbon available as food for non-photosynthesizers (and of course, providing oxygen). They use some of the carbohydrate for their own growth and reproduction. It is pretty remarkable when you think about it - have you been to Sequoia National Park or seen the redwoods along our northwest coast? Massive trees, right? Think about the fact that most of that mass is in the form of carbon that was pulled out of the air as carbon dioxide!
During the process of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide plus water in the presence of sunlight, enzymes and chlorophyll produce glucose and oxygen as waste product.
Prediction : I predict that as I increase the distance between the light source and the Canadian Pondweed (reducing the light intensity), the volume of oxygen produced within the time limit (the measure of the rate of photosynthesis) will decrease.
Prediction: I predict that as the light source (desk lamp) is moved closer to the pondweed (Elodea), the rate of photosynthesis will increase therefore more oxygen will be produced creating more bubbles.
I believe this will happen because when the light source is nearer to the plant more of the plants surface area is coming in to contact with the light from the desk lamp therefore more photosynthesis will occur which will mean more oxygen will be produced which will create more bubbles....
Priestley concluded that the plants were restoring the air that had been "injured" by the candle or mouse.
History of Photosynthesis Research
In 1779, a Dutch physician named Jan Ingenhousz discovered that submerged willow sprigs produced oxygen gas only in the presence of sunlight.
The result of two light reactions is a total of six oxygen molecules (6 O2) released into the air as byproducts and 12 NADPH2 (24 H) carried over to the dark reaction of photosynthesis....